Impetigo is a contagious bacterial skin infection most common among preschool children. Impetigo is a highly contagious skin condition. It usually occurs on the face, neck, and hands of young children and infants. Children who wear diapers also tend to get it around the diaper area. Impetigo occurs more rarely in adults, usually following another skin condition or an infection.
Predisposing factors include poor hygiene, malnutrition, and anemia. Impetigo occurs more frequently among people who live in warm climates.
The infection is spread by direct contact with lesions or with nasal carriers. The incubation period is 1–3 days after exposure to Streptococcus and 4–10 days for Staphylococcus.
This most common form of impetigo, also called non bullous impetigo, most often begins as a red sore near the nose or mouth which soon breaks, leaking pus or fluid, and forms a honey-colored scab, followed by a red mark which heals without leaving a scar. Sores are not painful, but they may be itchy. Lymph nodes in the affected area may be swollen, but fever is rare.
This form of impetigo is most common in children under age two. Blisters usually appear first on the torso, arms, and legs. These blisters may initially appear clear and then turn cloudy.
Blisters caused by bullous impetigo tend to last longer than blisters caused by other types of impetigo. The areas around the blisters may be red and itchy.
This is the most serious form of impetigo because it affects the second layer of the skin, rather than just the top layer. Blisters tend to be painful and may turn into ulcers, or aggravated, open sores. Swollen lymph nodes and scars may also occur.
Impetigo symptoms can be uncomfortable and embarrassing, particularly when they are present on the face. Though the symptoms vary slightly from type to type of impetigo, they are similar and can include:
- red sores that pop easily and leave a yellow crust
- fluid-filled blisters
- itchy rash
- skin lesions
- swollen lymph nodes
Impetigo is usually diagnosed based on its appearance. It generally appears as honey-colored scabs formed from dried serum, and is often found on the arms, legs, or face.
The gravest potential complication of impetigo is post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis, a severe kidney disease that occurs following a strep infection in less than 1% of cases, mainly in children.
Being an acute disease Impetigo is easily curable with Homoeopathy. It never goes for complications like kidney affections with genuine homoeopathic treatment. Body’s healing process is stimulated via prescriptions based on peculiar symptoms of a case. body itself become able to battle against the bacteria and hence to remove the disease.
Also known as varicella, chickenpox is a virus that often affects children. It is characterized by itchy, red blisters that appear all over the body. Chickenpox was once so common it was considered a childhood rite of passage. It is very rare to have the chickenpox infection more than once.
It is a highly contagious disease caused by the initial infection with varicella zoster virus (vzv). The disease results in a characteristic skin rash that forms small, itchy blisters, which eventually scab over, it usually starts on the chest, back, and face then spreads to the rest of the body, other symptoms may include fever, feeling tired, and headaches. Symptoms usually last five to ten days. Complications may occasionally include pneumonia, inflammation of the brain, or bacterial infections of the skin among others the disease is often more severe in adults than children. symptoms begin ten to twenty-one days after exposure to the virus.
The varicella-zoster virus causes the chickenpox infection. Most cases occur through contact with an infected person. The virus may be contagious several days before blisters appear, and it remains contagious until all blisters have crusted over. It is spread through:
- Contact with blisters
A rash is the most common symptom of the chickenpox. However, you will be contagious several days before the rash develops and will experience other symptoms first, such as:
- Loss of appetite
About two days after you experience the symptoms mentioned above, the rash will begin to develop. The rash goes through three different phases before you recover from the virus. These phases include:
- Developing red or pink bumps all over your body
- Bumps filled with fluid that leak
- Bumps that scab over and begin to heal
The bumps on your body will not all be in the same phase at the same time. New bumps will appear throughout your infection. You are still contagious until all the bumps on your body have scabbed over.
The spots normally appear in clusters and tend to be:
- Behind the ears
- On the face
- Over the scalp
- On the chest and belly
- On the arms and legs
However, the spots can be anywhere on the body, even inside the ears and mouth, on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet and inside the nappy area.
Although the rash starts as small, itchy red spots, these develop a blister on top and become intensely itchy after about 12-14 hours.
After a day or two, the fluid in the blisters gets cloudy and they begin to dry out and crust over.
After one to two weeks, the crusting skin will fall off naturally. New spots can keep appearing in waves for three to five days after the rash begins. Therefore, different clusters of spots may be at different stages of blistering or drying out.
Many cases of chickenpox are diagnosed based on physical exam of blisters on your (or your child’s) body. If a diagnosis can’t be made, lab tests will confirm the cause of the blisters.
Homeopathy offers a selection of remedies for the treatment of chicken pox. Homeopathy works by giving a tiny dose of a remedy whose characteristics are similar to those of the person who needs that remedy. The remedy stimulates the individual's own vital force, or immune system, encouraging the body to heal itself.
Homeopathic medicine relies not only on identifying the symptoms of the disease, but on a variety of personality traits, the person's mental state and other characteristic symptoms a patient exhibits which correlate to any particular remedy. When choosing a correct remedy for the treatment of chicken pox, all aspects of the patient must be taken into account.
A lipoma is a benign tumor (non-cancerous) composed of adipose tissue (body fat). It is the most common benign form of soft tissue tumor. It is a slow-growing, fatty lump that's most often situated between your skin and the underlying muscle layer. Lipomas are usually detected in middle age. Some people have more than one lipoma.
A lipoma is usually painless and harmless. Lipomas are soft to the touch, usually movable, and are generally painless and non - tender.
The cause of lipomas is unknown. Your risk of developing this type of skin lump increases if you have a family history of lipomas. This condition is most prevalent in adults between the ages of 40 and 60. Certain conditions like adiposis dolorosa, Cowden syndrome, Gardner’s syndrome and Madelung’s diseasemay also increase your risk of lipoma development.
Lipomas can occur anywhere in the body. Lipomas are:
- Situated just under your skin. They commonly occur in the neck, shoulders, back, abdomen, arms and thighs.
- Soft and doughy to the touch. They also move easily with slight finger pressure.
- Generally small. Lipomas are typically less than 2 inches (5 centimeters) in diameter, but they can grow.
- Sometimes painful. Lipomas can be painful if they grow and press on nearby nerves or if they contain many blood vessels.
Less frequently, some lipomas can be deeper and larger than typical lipomas.
It can be diagnosed easily through a physical examination. But the possibility of liposarcoma (painful and fastly growing lump than lipoma) has to be ruled out through a biopsy if the symptoms suggests.
There’s a general tendency to go in for in a surgical removal of Lipomas even if there is no possible harm because of its presence. People move towards surgery for cosmetic reasons. But Lipoma is entirely curable with the use of internal Homeopathic medicines without any application of external painful measures. Homeopathic medicines for lipomas give an effective recovery and there is no need to go in for a surgery in Lipoma cases. With the use of properly selected Homeopathic medicines, not only are the Lipomas dissolved, but the body’s tendency to Lipoma formation is diminished from its root. The Homeopathic treatment for Lipoma always remains constitutional — constitution is basically the symptom picture formed by conjoining the mental and physical symptom peculiarities found in each individual case.
Cellulitis is a common bacterial skin infection. Cellulitis may first appear as a red, swollen area that feels hot and tender to the touch. The redness and swelling often spread rapidly. Cellulitis is usually painful. In most cases, the skin on the lower legs is affected, although the infection can occur anywhere on your body or face. Cellulitis usually affects the surface of your skin, but it may also affect the underlying tissues of your skin. Cellulitis can also spread to your lymph nodes and bloodstream.
If cellulitis isn’t treated, the infection might spread and become life-threatening.
Cellulitis occurs when certain types of bacteria enter through a cut or crack in the skin. Cellulitis is commonly caused by Staphylococcus and Streptococcus bacteria.
Skin injuries such as cuts, insect bites, or surgical incisions are commonly the sites of the infection. Certain factors also increase your risk of developing cellulitis.
Common risk factors include:
- A weakened immune system
- Skin conditions that cause breaks in the skin, such as eczema and athlete’s foot
- Intravenous (IV) drug use
- A history of cellulitis
The symptoms of cellulitis may include:
- Pain and tenderness in the affected area
- Redness or inflammation of your skin
- A skin sore or rash that appears and grows quickly
- A tight, glossy, swollen appearance of the skin
- A feeling of warmth in the affected area
- A central area that has an abscess with pus formation
- A fever
Some common symptoms of a more serious cellulitis infection are:
- A feeling of illness
- Muscle aches
- Warm skin
Symptoms such as the following could signal that cellulitis is spreading:
- Red streaks
You should contact your doctor immediately if any of these symptoms occur. Physical examination to determine the extent of your condition
Homeopathic medicines are very efficient in treating cellulitis. The medicines work wonderfully by increasing the immunity of patient thereby reducing the swelling, pain and burning in cellultis condition. Even in cases of cellulitis with bleb formation homeopathic medicines works wonders that too very gently preventing the physical and mental trauma of surgeons knife intervention. In advanced complicated cases of cellulitis where septicemia has set in homeopathy holds a ray of hope in treatment according to well selected homeopathic medicines.
Homeopathic medicine is a complementary system that involves treating diseases on a holistic level. The physician provides the patient with extremely diluted doses of a drug in order to activate the body’s natural healing process. When used in larger doses, the same drug would produce the symptoms of the disease being treated. Treating symptoms with symptom-generating drugs is the foundation of homeopathy.
The principal goals of treatment are to address the cause of the disease, assess an individual’s vulnerability, and heal the symptoms. This is the best way to ensure that the patient can return to a completely healthy condition.
If you suffer from cellulitis, consult a qualified homeopathic practitioner. A professional can assess the level of your condition and prescribe a therapy based on the cause, severity and location of the infection. Your emotional and physical constitution may also be evaluated. Once you’re assessed by your doctor, he or she will provide an appropriate treatment that may include bed rest and cool compresses applied to the affected areas.
A wart is a small, rough growth resembling a cauliflower or a solid blister. It typically occurs on human’s hands or feet but often in other locations. Warts are caused by a viral infection, specifically by one of the many types of human papillomavirus (HPV). There are as many as 10 varieties of warts, the most common considered to be mostly harmless. It is possible to get warts from others; they are contagious and usually enter the body in an area of broken skin. Warts are usually asymptomatic except when they occur on weight-bearing areas.
HPV infects the top layer of skin, usually entering the body in an area of broken skin. The virus causes the top layer of skin to grow rapidly, forming a wart. Most warts go away on their own within months or years.
Types of Warts
- Genital warts: Genital warts can appear in the pubic area, on the genitals, in or around the anus, and/or in the vagina. They look like small flesh-colored, pink, or red growths. The warts may look similar to the small parts of a cauliflower or they may be very tiny and difficult to see. They often appear in clusters of three or four, and may grow and spread rapidly. They usually are not painful, although they may cause mild pain, bleeding, and itching. HPV infection is the most common sexually transmitted disease in North America and certain forms of the virus can cause cervical cancer.
- Flat warts: This type of wart is more common in teens and children than in adults. Flat warts are smoother, flatter, and smaller than other warts and they generally occur on the face. Flat warts also can appear on the legs, especially among females.
Warts are caused through direct contact with HPV, which is contagious. HPV may spread by person-to-person contact or through direct contact with an object used by a person with the virus. The virus that causes warts also can spread to other places on the body of the person with warts.
What are the symptoms?
Warts come in a wide range of shapes and sizes. A wart may be a bump with a rough surface, or it may be flat and smooth. Tiny blood vessels grow into the core of the wart to supply it with blood. In both common and plantar warts, these blood vessels may look like dark dots in the wart's center.
Warts are usually painless. But a wart that grows in a spot where you put pressure, such as on a finger or on the bottom of the foot, can be painful.
Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. The homeopathic medicines are selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution etc. A miasmatic tendency (predisposition/susceptibility) is also often taken into account for the treatment of chronic conditions. The homeopathic remedies for warts given below indicate the therapeutic affinity but this is not a complete and definite guide to the treatment of this condition. The symptoms listed against each homeopathic remedy may not be directly related to this disease because in homeopathy general symptoms and constitutional indications are also taken into account for selecting a remedy.
Antimonium crudum (Ant-c.): Hard, smooth warts that often appear in groups. Irritability and a thickly coated white tongue also suggest the need for this remedy. The person may also overeat and have various digestive complaints.
Calcarea carbonica (Calc.): Round, hard, solitary warts. Often useful for endophytic warts that have a horny wall surrounding a central depression. Indicated in people with clammy hands and feet who prefer routine and the familiar rather than change and the unknown.
Causticum (Caust.): Old, large warts on the face (especially the nose), under the fingernails, or warts on fingertips that bleed easily suggest the need for this remedy. The warts also tend to be hard, inflamed, and painful and sit on whitish-yellow, dirty looking skin. People who benefit from this remedy tend fear that something awful will happen and feel intensely sympathetic about the hardship of others.
Cinnabaris (Cinnb.): A common remedy for molluscum contagiosum that has a reddish periphery and senile keratosis (thick, crusty and scaly skin growths of the aged). People needing this remedy may also be prone to sinusitis.
Dulcamara (Dulc.): Flat warts located on backs of hands and face and soft brownish to black seborrheic warts found on the back. Indicated in people with rheumatic complaints that are worse in cold, damp weather or humidity.
Skin tags (acrochordons) are small flesh-coloured or brown growths that hang off the skin and look a bit likewarts. They're very common and harmless.
It is a small benign tumor that forms primarily in areas where the skin forms creases, such as the neck, armpit, groin or under the folds of the buttocks. They may also occur on the face, usually on theeyelids. They are harmless and does not grow in size over time.
A person may have anywhere from one to hundreds of skin tags. Almost everyone will develop a skin tag at some point in their lives.
Anyone can develop skin tags, but they're particularly common in older people and people with diabetes. Pregnant women may be more likely to develop skin tags, caused by changes in their hormone levels. Some people develop them for no apparent reason.
Skin tags tend to grow where skin rubs against skin or clothing. This would explain why they also tend to affect overweight people or younger children who have excess folds of skin and skin chafing.
Sometimes, skin tags fall off on their own if the tissue has twisted and died from a lack of blood supply.
They become a problem when they are unsightly and affect your self-esteem, or if they snag on clothing or jewellery and bleed.
Skin tags are easily removed by Homoeopathic treatment. Constitutional treatment is essential for the cure of the problem. With homoeopathic treatment not only the existing skin tag but also the tendency of the body form skin tags are also removed. A homoeopath takes into consideration the mental and physical peculiarities along with their body make up. Homoeopathy removes your problem cost-effectively without any side-effects.
Vitiligo is a chronic skin condition characterized by portions of the skin losing their pigment.
This happens because the cells that make pigment (color) in the skin are destroyed. These cells are called melanocytes. Vitiligo can also affect the mucous membranes (such as the tissue inside the mouth and nose) and the eye.
The exact cause is unknown. Research suggests vitiligo may arise from autoimmune, genetic, oxidative stress, neural, or viral causes. In vitiligo, the immune system may destroy the melanocytes in the skin (auto-immune disease).
The global percentage of people affected with vitiligo is less than 1%. Many people develop it in their twenties, but it can occur at any age. The disorder affects all races and both sexes equally, however, it is more noticeable in people with dark skin.
Vitiligo may also run in families. Children whose parents have the disorder are more likely to develop vitiligo. However, most children will not get vitiligo even if a parent has it.
Autoimmune diseases such as Addison's disease, Hashimoto's thyroiditis and type 1 diabetes mellitus tend to occur more often in people who have vitiligo.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
The only sign of vitiligo is the presence of pale patchy areas of depigmented skin which tend to occur on the extremities. The patches are initially small, but often grow and change shape. When skin lesions occur, they are most prominent on the face, hands and wrists. The loss of skin pigmentation is particularly noticeable around body orifices, such as the mouth, eyes, nostrils, genitalia and umbilicus. Some lesions have increased skin pigment around the edges. Patients who are stigmatized for their condition may experience depression and similar mood disorders.
Vitiligo can be diagnosed with medical history, physical exam, and tests to diagnose vitiligo.
Homoeopathy can provide very fruitful results in vitiligo cases. The basic tendency of the individual to develop white patches is rooted out with homoeopathic treatment. Holistic approach is always beneficial for the removal of the disease as well as for improving the immunity. Blackish spots starts to appear in the affected areas and over a period of time (varies with individual) the whitish patches can be fully healed. Or in certain well progressed cases further progress can be prevented.
Psoriasis is a long-lasting autoimmune disease which is characterized by patches of abnormal skin. These skin patches are typically red, itchy, and scaly. They may vary in severity from small and localized to complete body coverage
noncontagious skin condition that produces plaques of thickened, scaling skin. The dry flakes of skin scales are thought to result from the excessively rapid proliferation of skin cells triggered by inflammatory chemicals produced by specialized white blood cells called lymphocytes. Psoriasis commonly affects the skin of the elbows, knees, and scalp.
Some people have such mild, limited psoriasis that they may not even suspect that they have the disease. Others have very severe psoriasis that affects their entire body surface.
It is not unusual for psoriasis to spontaneously clear for years and stay in remission. Many people note a worsening of their symptoms in the colder winter months.
Psoriasis signs and symptoms can vary from person to person but may include one or more of the following:
- Red patches of skin covered with silvery scales
- Small scaling spots (commonly seen in children)
- Dry, cracked skin that may bleed
- Itching, burning or soreness
- Thickened, pitted or ridged nails
- Swollen and stiff joints
- Psoriasis patches can range from a few spots of dandruff-like scaling to major eruptions that cover large areas.
Most types of psoriasis go through cycles, flaring for a few weeks or months, then subsiding for a time or even going into complete remission.
Several types of psoriasis exist. These include:
Plaque psoriasis. The most common form, plaque psoriasis causes dry, raised, red skin lesions (plaques) covered with silvery scales. The plaques itch or may be painful and can occur anywhere on your body, including your genitals and the soft tissue inside your mouth. You may have just a few plaques or many.
Nail psoriasis. Psoriasis can affect fingernails and toenails, causing pitting, abnormal nail growth and discoloration. Psoriatic nails may become loose and separate from the nail bed (onycholysis). Severe cases may cause the nail to crumble.
Scalp psoriasis. Psoriasis on the scalp appears as red, itchy areas with silvery-white scales. The red or scaly areas often extend beyond the hairline. You may notice flakes of dead skin in your hair or on your shoulders, especially after scratching your scalp.
Guttate psoriasis. This primarily affects young adults and children. It's usually triggered by a bacterial infection such as strep throat. It's marked by small, water-drop-shaped sores on your trunk, arms, legs and scalp. The sores are covered by a fine scale and aren't as thick as typical plaques are. You may have a single outbreak that goes away on its own, or you may have repeated episodes.
Inverse psoriasis. Mainly affecting the skin in the armpits, in the groin, under the breasts and around the genitals, inverse psoriasis causes smooth patches of red, inflamed skin. It's worsened by friction and sweating. Fungal infections may trigger this type of psoriasis.
Pustular psoriasis. This uncommon form of psoriasis can occur in widespread patches (generalized pustular psoriasis) or in smaller areas on your hands, feet or fingertips. It generally develops quickly, with pus-filled blisters appearing just hours after your skin becomes red and tender. The blisters may come and go frequently. Generalized pustular psoriasis can also cause fever, chills, severe itching and diarrhea.
Erythrodermic psoriasis. The least common type of psoriasis, erythrodermic psoriasis can cover your entire body with a red, peeling rash that can itch or burn intensely.
Psoriatic arthritis. In addition to inflamed, scaly skin, psoriatic arthritis causes pitted, discolored nails and the swollen, painful joints that are typical of arthritis. Symptoms range from mild to severe, and psoriatic arthritis can affect any joint. Although the disease usually isn't as crippling as other forms of arthritis, it can cause stiffness and progressive joint damage that in the most serious cases may lead to permanent deformity.
Psoriasis typically starts or worsens because of a trigger that you may be able to identify and avoid. Factors that may trigger psoriasis include:
- Infections, such as strep throat or skin infections
- Injury to the skin, such as a cut or scrape, bug bite, or a severe sunburn
- Cold weather
- Heavy alcohol consumption
- Certain medications — including lithium, which is prescribed for bipolar disorder; high blood pressure medications such as beta blockers; antimalarial drugs; and iodides
Anyone can develop psoriasis, but these factors can increase your risk of developing the disease:
- Family history. Perhaps the most significant risk factor for psoriasis is having a family history of the disease. Having one parent with psoriasis increases your risk of getting the disease, and having two parents with psoriasis increases your risk even more.
- Viral and bacterial infections. People with HIV are more likely to develop psoriasis than people with healthy immune systems are. Children and young adults with recurring infections, particularly strep throat, also may be at increased risk.
- Stress. Because stress can impact your immune system, high stress levels may increase your risk of psoriasis.
- Obesity. Excess weight increases the risk of psoriasis. Plaques associated with all types of psoriasis often develop in skin creases and folds.
- Smoking. Smoking tobacco not only increases your risk of psoriasis but also may increase the severity of the disease. Smoking may also play a role in the initial development of the disease.
Hives also known as urticaria, is a kind of skin rash with red, raised, itchy bumps. They may also burn or sting. Often the patches of rash move around. Typically they last a few days and do not leave any long lasting skin changes. Less than 5% of cases last for more than six weeks. The condition frequently recurs.
About 20% of people are affected . Cases of short duration occur equally in males and females while cases of long duration are more common in females. Cases of short duration or more common among children while cases of long duration are more common among those who are middle aged. The term urticaria is from the Latin urtica meaning "nettle".
The welts that come with hives arise when certain cells release histamine and other chemicals into your bloodstream.
The skin reaction may be triggered by:
- Pain medications
- Insects or parasites
- Heat or cold
- Alcohol, food or food additives
- Pressure on the skin, as from a tight waistband
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Chronic hives signs and symptoms include:
- Batches of red or white welts (wheals), usually on the face, trunk, arms or legs
- Welts that vary in size, change shape, and appear and fade repeatedly as the reaction runs its course
- Itching, which may be severe
- Swelling that causes pain or burning (angioedema), especially inside the throat and around the eyes, cheeks, lips, hands, feet and genitals
- A tendency for signs and symptoms to flare with triggers such as heat, exercise and stress
- A tendency for symptoms to recur frequently and unpredictably, sometimes for months or years
Chronic hives complications include:
- Difficulty breathing. When swelling occurs inside your mouth or throat, you may have difficulty breathing and pass out.
- Serious allergic reaction. Anaphylactic shock (anaphylaxis) is a serious allergic reaction involving your heart or lungs. Your bronchial tubes narrow, it's difficult to breathe, and your blood pressure drops. You may feel dizzy, pass out or even die. Anaphylactic shock happens fast.
People with chronic hives may be at increased risk of developing these immune system disorders:
- Thyroid disease
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Sjogren's syndrome
- Celiac disease
- Type 1 diabetes
Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. The homeopathic remedies for urticaria are selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution etc. A miasmatic tendency (predisposition/susceptibility) is also often taken into account for the treatment of chronic conditions. The homeopathic remedies for urticaria given below indicate the therapeutic affinity but this is not a complete and definite guide to the homeopathy treatment of urticaria. The symptoms listed against each medicine may not be directly related to this disease because in homeopathy general symptoms and constitutional indications are also taken into account for selecting a remedy.
Eczema is a generalized term that encompasses various inflammatory skin conditions. It is used synonymously with the term "Dermatitis" which means superficial inflammation of the skin (epidermis) that can be acute, chronic and recurring; can have a number of causes. Atopic dermatitis is another term used to define eczema.
Eczema is characterized by very distinctive reactive patterns of the skin, as discussed below.
Eczema is an inflammation of the skin which is characterized by dryness, flakiness, heat and, probably most importantly, itching. Eczema can occur on just about any part of the body; however, in infants, eczema typically occurs on the forehead, cheeks, forearms, legs, scalp, and neck. Affected areas usually appear very dry, thickened, or scaly. There may be some amount of hyperpigmentation of the affected parts. In children and adults, eczema typically occurs on the face, neck, and the insides of the elbows, knees, and ankles. In some people, the itchy rash can produce an oozing and crusting. In others, the condition may appear more scaly, dry, and red. Chronic scratching causes the skin to take on a leathery texture because the skin has thickened (lichenification).
There are two groups of eczemas called exogenous and endogenous. Exogenous eczema is mostly caused by contact with external factors such as irritant substances, certain allergens and due to photosensitivity.
It is difficult to determine the exact cause of eczema as there are many different types of eczema and each has its own causes. Largely, the cause of atopic (endogenous) eczema is genetic (inherited). Contact with irritants such as detergents, soaps, certain clothing or shoes, metal compounds (nickel, mercury, etc), dyes, cosmetic preparations (deodorants, nail paints, etc), topical creams, rubber, leather, resins, etc. Exposure to sunlight, Napkin rash in infants. For certain other types of eczema, such as infantile and adult seborrhoiec eczema, discoid eczema, the causes remain unknown. In the later years eczema can be caused by a blood circulatory problems in the legs (stasis dermatitis).
- Atopic dermatitis (eczema). Usually beginning in infancy, this red, itchy rash most commonly occurs where the skin flexes — inside the elbows, behind the knees and the front of the neck. When scratched, the rash can leak fluid and crust over. People with atopic dermatitis may experience improvement and then flare-ups.
- Contact dermatitis. This rash occurs on areas of the body that have come into contact with substances that either irritate the skin or cause an allergic reaction, such as poison ivy, soap and essential oils. The red rash may burn, sting or itch. Blisters may develop.
- Seborrheic dermatitis. This condition causes scaly patches, red skin and stubborn dandruff. It usually affects oily areas of the body, such as the face, upper chest and back. It can be a long-term condition with periods of remission and flare-ups. In infants, this disorder is known as cradle cap.
Eczema is a chronic skin disease reflected due to immunological changes within the body. Eczema is curable only if the immunological disturbance is corrected by internal medicines such as in homeopathy. Homeopathy offers effective and safe treatment for eczema. The individualized treatment is based on the study of patients patches, extent, cause, genetic pattern, emotional sphere, hormonal imbalance, and other factors which lead and maintain the disease. Every case calls for detailed study of the patient individually. There are no disease specific medicines in homeopathy. The exact treatment is determined only on "in-depth" evaluation of the individual case.
A pimple is a small pustule or papule. Pimples are small skin lesions or inflammations of the skin - they develop when sebaceous glands (oil glands) become clogged and infected, leading to swollen, red lesions filled with pus. Pimples are also known as spots or zits.
The development of pimples is primarily connected to oil production, dead skin cells, clogged pores and bacteria (although yeast infection can also cause pimples to develop). Sebaceous glands, which are located at the base of hair follicles, can become overactive due to hormone deregulation, which is why acne is most commonly associated with puberty, and why breakouts occur around the time of menses.
The most likely parts of the body to be affected by pimples are the face, back, chest and shoulders due to the proliferation of sebaceous glands in these areas of skin. Pimples are a sign of acne, especially when a breakout occurs.
Acne is characterized by areas of blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, and greasy skin, and may result inscarring. The resulting appearance can lead to anxiety, reduced self-esteem and, in extreme cases, depression or thoughts of suicide.
Symptoms of pimples
There are several different types of pimples and they have different signs and symptoms:
- Whiteheads - also known as a closed comedo. These are very small and remain under the skin, appearing as a small, flesh-colored papules.
- Blackheads - also known as an open comedo. These are clearly visible on the surface of the skin and are black or dark brown due to the oxidation of melanin, the skin's pigment. Some people mistakenly believe they are caused by dirt, because of their color, and scrub their faces vigorously - this does not help and may irritate the skin and cause other problems.
- Papules - these are small, solid, rounded bumps that rise from the skin. The bumps are often pink.
- Pustules - these are pimples full of pus. They are clearly visible on the surface of the skin. The base is red and the pus is on the top.
- Nodules - these are morphologically similar (similar structure) to papules, but larger. They can be painful and are embedded deep in the skin.
- Cysts - these are clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are filled with pus and are usually painful. Cysts commonly cause scars.
Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. The homeopathic medicines are selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution etc. A miasmatic tendency (predisposition/susceptibility) is also often taken into account for the treatment of chronic conditions. The medicines given below indicate the therapeutic affinity but this is not a complete and definite guide to the homeopathic treatment of acne. The symptoms listed against each medicine may not be directly related to this disease because in homeopathy general symptoms and constitutional indications are also taken into account for selecting a remedy. Remedies like Sulphur, Sanguinaria, Kali bromatum, Antimonium crudum, Asterias Rubens, Belladonna, Hepar Sulphur, Calcarea Silicata, Nux vomica, Arsenicum iodatum, Causticum, Chelidonium majus, Graphites, Psorinum, Sabina, Calcarea phosphoricum, Thuja are more useful for acne.