Trigeminal neuralgia is often considered one of the most painful conditions seen in medicine. Trigeminal neuralgia (TN or TGN) is a severe neuropathic chronic pain disorder affecting the trigeminal nerve (also known as the fifth cranial nerve: a three-branched nerve that carries sensations from the face to the brain and controls facial motor functions such as biting and chewing).If you have trigeminal neuralgia, even mild stimulation of your face — such as from brushing your teeth or putting on makeup — may trigger a jolt of excruciating pain.
You may initially experience short, mild attacks. But trigeminal neuralgia can progress and cause longer, more-frequent bouts of searing pain. Trigeminal neuralgia affects women more often than men, and it's more likely to occur in people who are older than 50.
TN is associated with a variety of conditions. TN can be caused by a blood vessel pressing on the trigeminal nerve as it exits the brain stem. This compression causes the wearing away or damage to the protective coating around the nerve (the myelin sheath). TN symptoms can also occur in people with multiple sclerosis. Rarely, symptoms of TN may be caused by nerve compression from a tumor, or a tangle of arteries and veins called an arteriovenous malformation. Injury to the trigeminal nerve (perhaps the result of sinus surgery, oral surgery, stroke, or facial trauma) may also produce neuropathic facial pain.
SYMPTOMS OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA
- Trigeminal neuralgia causes a sudden, severe, electric shock-like, or stabbing pain that lasts several seconds.
- The pain can be felt on the face and around the lips, eyes, nose, scalp, and forehead. Usually, the pain is felt on one side of the jaw or cheek, but some people experience pain at different times on both sides.
- Symptoms can be brought on when a person is brushing the teeth, putting on makeup, touching the face, swallowing, or even feeling a slight breeze.
The attacks of pain may be repeated one after the other. They may come and go throughout the day and last for days, weeks, or months at a time. At times, the attacks can disappear for months or years.
Many have been known to lose their jobs because of the debilitating nature of the pain. Marriages have dissolved due to the difficulty of providing care and support to persons with TN. Pain from TN is frequently very isolating and depressing for the individual. Depression and sleep disturbance may render individuals more vulnerable to pain and suffering. Thus, there are individual, family, and societal costs of TN.
Holistic approach towards a case of a disease is the key point in homoeopathic treatment. It not only relieves the severe excruciating pain in Trigeminal neuralgia but also cures the disease completely. Thus homoeopathy effectively helps in reducing the sick leaves too! Homeopathic remedies are prescribed by symptoms rather than conditions, as each case of a particular illness can manifest differently in different people.
The common presentation of this condition is a rapid onset of partial or complete paralysis that often occurs overnight. In rare cases (<1%), it can occur on both sides resulting in total facial paralysis.
Bell's palsy results from a dysfunction of the cranial nerve VII (the facial nerve). It is defined as a one-sided facial nerve paralysis of unknown cause. Several other conditions can also cause facial paralysis, e.g., brain tumor, stroke, myasthenia gravis, and Lyme disease; however, if no specific cause can be identified, the condition is known as Bell's palsy.
The facial nerve controls a number of functions, such as blinking and closing the eyes, smiling, frowning, lacrimation, salivation, flaring nostrils and raising eyebrows. It also carries taste sensations from the anterior two-thirds of the tongue.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
The symptoms of Bell’s palsy can develop one to two weeks after you have a cold, ear infection, or eye infection. Bell's palsy is characterized by a one-sided facial droop that comes on within 72 hours.
They usually appear abruptly, and you may notice them when you wake up in the morning or when you try to eat or drink.
Bell’s palsy is marked by a droopy appearance on one side of the face and the inability to open or close your eye on the affected side. In rare cases, Bell’s palsy may affect both sides of your face.
Other signs and symptoms of Bell’s palsy include:
- difficulty eating and drinking
- an inability to make facial expressions, such as smiling or frowning
- facial weakness
- muscle twitches in the face
- dry eye and mouth
- a headache
- sensitivity to sound
People with Bell's palsy may present with loss of taste sensation in the anterior 2/3 of the tongue on the affected side.
WHAT HOMOEOPATHY CAN DO?
Bell’s palsy is due to the paralysis of the facial nerve. This paralytic state can be corrected by genuine homoeopathic remedies. Homoeopathic remedy stimulates the restorative power of the human body and hence the gentle, consistent and reliable cures obtained. Homoeopathy is not merely a symptom reliever but can bring cure for the condition through its holistic healing approach.
Multiple sclerosis (MS)
It is one of the commonest organic nervous disease and most common autoimmune disorder affecting the central nervous system. It is an inflammatory and degenerative disease. It is an important cause of long term disability in adults.
- Peak age of onset- 4th decade
- 80% cases – relapsing and remitting course
- Twice more common in females
The name multiple sclerosis refers to the scars (sclerae – better known as plaques or lesions) that form in the nervous system. These lesions most commonly affect the white matter in the optic nerve, brain stem, basal ganglia, and spinal cord, or white matter tracts close to the lateral ventricles. Peripheral nerves are rarely involved.
The exact cause is unknown. However, a number of genetic variations have been shown to increase the risk.
- Transient paresis
- Disturbance of micturition &
- Blurring of vision
Ocular symptoms: Diplopia
In a developed case, Spastic Paraplegia (impairment of the motor and sensory function of the lower extremities with spasticity of the muscles) is the commonest picture. But signs of spastic paraplegia with one of the symptoms like nystagmus (involuntary eye movement), intention tremor (a trembling of a part of the body when attempting a precise movement) or scanning speech (abnormal speech in which the person pauses between words, breaking the rhythm of the phrase or sentence) are suggestive of MS.
MRI and Myelography are useful in the diagnosis.
Homoeopathy is a great boon to patients suffering from multiple sclerosis. It is a progressive degenerative disease. With zero side effects Homoeopathic remedial agents can delay the progression of the disease. Thus the individual can lead a healthier life. In conditions where the paralysis has set in also can be far improved by Homoeopathy. It can make changes in the genetic level.
ARGENTUM NITRICUM: Inco-ordination, loss of control & want of balance everywhere, mentally & physically. Upper abdominal affections brought on by undue mental exertion, paraplegia, myelitis, & demyelinated lesions of brain & cord. Memory weak. Errors of perception. Fearful , nervous. Spots before the vision. Photophobia in warm room. Unable to fix the eyes steadily. Paretic condition of ciliary muscle. Urine passes unconsciously day and night. Worse by warmth in any form, from emotions
CROTALUS HORRIDUS: Clouded perception and memory. Delusions of cerebral decay. Eye very sensitive to light. Illusions. Diplopia. right side, open air, on awaking.
PHOSPHORUS: Inflames spinal cord and nerves causing paralysis. Ataxia and adynamia. Great lowness of spirits. Oversensitive to external impressions. Loss of memory. Insanity, with an over-exaggerated idea of one’s own importance. Black points seem to float before the eyes. Degeneration of optic nerve. Green hallo about the candle light. Letters appear red. Diplopia, due to deviation of visual axis
Every person experiences forgetfulness at some part of their life. It becomes a problem when it affects a person’s daily life activities. When memory loss is associated with some pathology it is a serious concern. The following includes a number of causes for forgetfulness:
Depression is a painful sadness that interferes with daily life and includes hopelessness, anxiety, and more.
Alzheimer's disease is type of dementia that causes memory loss, as well as thinking and behavior problems.
Dementia resulting from a head injury may cause memory problems, difficulty speaking, and personality changes.
Its like hypothyroidism, grave’s disease, hypoparathyroidism, addison’s disease
Symptoms of intoxication include euphoria, slowed reaction time, dizziness, confusion, numbness, and more.
Symptoms of a head injury vary but include headache, nausea, dizziness, memory problems, confusion, and more.
Depression is a painful sadness that interferes with a child's schoolwork, family life, and social activities.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) makes it hard to concentrate and focus.
Post-concussive syndrome occurs when the symptoms of a concussion or other brain injury continue to occur.
Sleep deprivation occurs when the lack of restful sleep is severe enough to compromise basic body functions.
like Hyper-calceamia can case psychological problems like memory weakness
The symptoms of short-acting sedatives include drowsiness, vertigo, muscle weakness, double vision, and more.
People with sleep apnea stop and restart breathing multiple times while sleeping.
Medication side effects include nausea, vomiting, stomach upset, weakness, dizziness, seizures, and more.
Alcohol withdrawal causes anxiety, depression, headaches, nightmares, fatigue, sweating, and shakiness.
Transient global amnesia is a sudden loss of memory. Symptoms usually last for hours and then memory returns.
Carbon monoxide poisoning can be fatal, symptoms include headache, dizziness, nausea, and vomiting.
Bipolar disorder causes extreme mood swings between depression and mania.
Lyme disease is a bacterial infection spread through tick bites; symptoms include rash, fever chills, and more.
A stroke occurs when blood and oxygen to the brain are cut off, and causes numbness, confusion, and more.
Multiple sclerosis is a disease of the nervous system causing difficulties with balance, speech, and movement.
Parkinson's disease is a disorder of the nervous system causing tremors stiffness and slow movement.
Schizophrenia is a serious, chronic mental illness that causes delusional or hallucinogenic thoughts.
Vitamin B12 deficiency symptoms include fatigue, pale skin, weakness, sleepiness, numbness, weakness, and more.
Alcohol intoxication, or drunkenness, is marked by impaired judgment, slurred speech, blurred vision and more.
An insulin reaction is the result of low blood sugar and causes anxiety, hunger, shaking, dizziness, and more.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis causes personality changes, difficulty reasoning, and weakness.
Huntington's disease is a brain disorder that causes irritability, memory loss, difficulty speaking, and more.
Mad cow disease is spread to humans by eating infected cows causing depression, anxiety, psychosis, and more.
Primary brain tumors are often benign but can cause seizures, ongoing headaches, or loss of coordination.
A brain infection is inflammation of the brain or spinal cord and can cause nausea, fever, seizures and more.
Age-related forgetfulness is the naturally occurs in many people after age 50.
Homoeopathic medicines have unique action upon the mental level influencing the will, intellect and memory of and individual. Homoeopathy can bring unbelievable results in cases of memory weakness even when the pathology is degenerative as in case of Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinsonism etc. It can resolve the psychological disturbances provided the disease has progressed so deep. Although there will be individual variations in the time period of obtaining the results, the system keep up the consistency in the results with classical Homoeopathic practice.
Epilepsy is a state of recurrent and usually unprovoked seizures. An epileptic seizure is a clinical manifestation of abnormal and excessive discharges of a set of neurones in the brain. Seizures with a psychogenic basis were called hysterical or pseudoseizures. Now they come under the category non epileptic seizures. A convulsion is a seizure with tonic or clonic motor activity.
Causes of epilepsy depending on age at onset of first seizures
|1.Newborn and infancy||Birth trauma
Developmental abnormalities (e.g. microcephaly, porencephaly)
Metabolic abnormalities (e.g. hypocalcaemia, phenylketonuria)
Infection (meningitis, congenital syphilis)
|2. Childhood||Birth trauma
Infection (meningitis, parasitic infestations)
Toxins (heavy metals like lead; carbon monoxide poisoning)
Congenital abnormalities (hydrocephalus)
|3. Adolescence (10-20 years)||Idiopathic
Degenerative (Ramsay-Hunt syndrome)
|4. Young adults (20-35 years)||Head injury
|5. Older adults (36-65 years)||Head injury
Degenerative (Alzheimer's disease
Symptoms of epilepsy
A convulsion with no temperature or fever.
Short spells of blackout, or confused memory.
Intermittent fainting spells, during which bowel or bladder control is lost. This is frequently followed by extreme tiredness.
For a short period the person is unresponsive to instructions or questions.
The person becomes stiff, suddenly, for no obvious reason
The person suddenly falls for no clear reason
Sudden bouts of chewing, without any apparent reason
Repetitive movements that seem inappropriate
The person becomes fearful for no apparent reason, he/she may even panic or become angry
Peculiar changes in senses, such as smell, touch and sound
The arms, legs, or body jerk, in babies these will appear as cluster of rapid jerking movements.
Electroencephalogram (EEG) – it shows the abnormalities in the electric activities of the brain
Computerized tomography - It helps to make an aetiological diagnosis in several cases.
Magnetic resonance (MR) - may detect lesions that are missed by CT or provide more details about them.
Care of patient during seizures
Move patient to place of safety (away from fire, water, machinery).
Do not try to forcibly introduce a gag or tightly rolled handkerchief once convulsions have started.
Do not use metallic or plastic objects.
Do not hold the patient down during seizures.
After seizure is over, keep the patient in semiprone position. Ensure patent airway and proper oxygenation.
With continued convulsions, hospitalise the patient.
Don't drink alcohol, use illegal drugs, or smoke.
Protect your head with a helmet during any sport or activity that could result in a head injury.
Get plenty of sleep every night.
Find healthy ways to cope with stress.
Epilepsy can be effectively cured with the Homeopathic mode of treatment. The natural Homeopathic treatment for epilepsy is very beneficial for the treatment of acute fits as well as in eliminating the tendency to have seizures.
A brain tumor or intracranial neoplasm occurs when abnormal cells form within the brain. There are two main types of tumors: malignant or cancerous tumors and benign tumors (not cancerous). Cancerous tumors can be divided into primary tumors that start within the brain, and secondary tumors that have spread from somewhere else like lung cancer, breast cancer, kidney cancer, skin cancer, etc. known as brain metastasis tumors. All types of brain tumors may produce symptoms that vary depending on the part of the brain involvd.
eof brain tumour include, family history of brain tumor, age (increases with age), race (more likely to occur in caucasians), chemical exposure, exposure to ionizing radiation.
Gliomas are tumors that develop from glial cells (Supporting cells of Central Nervous System). The types of tumors that begin in glial cells are:
- astrocytic tumors such as astrocytomas, which originate in the cerebrum and are often benign
- oligodendroglial tumors, which are often found in the frontal temporal lobes
- glioblastomas, which originate from the supportive brain tissue and are the most aggressive type
- meningiomas, which originate in the meninges
- schwannomas, which originate in cells that produce the protective cover of your nerves (myelin sheath) called Schwann cells
Other primary brain tumors include:
- pituitary tumors, which are usually benign
- pineal gland tumors, which can be benign or malignant
- ependymomas, which are usually benign
- craniopharyngiomas, which occur mostly in children and are benign but can have clinical symptoms like changes in vision and premature puberty
- primary brain lymphomas, which are malignant
- primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphomas, which are malignant
- primary germ cell tumors of the brain, which can be benign or malignant
Symptoms of brain tumors depend on the location and size of the tumor. Tumors cause direct damage by invading brain tissue and causing brain pressure to increase. Symptoms become more evident when there is significant pressure from the tumor upon the surrounding brain tissue.
- Headaches are a common symptom of a brain tumor. Headaches are:
- worse in the morning when waking up
- occur during sleeping
- worse by coughing, sneezing, or exercise
- Blurred vision or double vision
- Seizures (especially in adults)
- weakness of a limb or part of the face
- Change in mental functioning
- Other common symptoms include:
- memory loss
- difficulty writing or reading
- changes in the ability to hear, taste, or smell
- decreased alertness, which may include drowsiness and loss of consciousness
- difficulty swallowing
- dizziness or vertigo
- eye problems, such as drooping eyelids and unequal pupils
- uncontrollable movements
- hand tremors
- loss of balance
- loss of bladder or bowel control
- numbness or tingling on one side of the body
- trouble speaking or understanding what others are saying
- changes in mood, personality, emotions, and behavior
- difficulty walking
- muscle weakness in the face, arm, or leg
- The following symptoms can occur with Pituitary tumors:
- nipple discharge, or galactorrhea
- lack of menstruation in women
- development of breast tissue in men, or gynaecomastia
- enlargement of the hands and feet
- sensitivity to heat or cold
- increased amounts of body hair, or hirsutism
- low blood pressure
Symptoms can raise the suspicion of a brain tumor but it can only be confirmed like investigations like MRI or CT of brain as advised by the physician.
The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat brain tumor but to encounter its underlying cause and treating the individual as hole. Regression in the size of the tumour is brought about without any harmful effects to other systems or organs. It is not aimed at relieving the local symptoms like pain but at enhancing the natural power of healing of the body through administration of similar medicines. The whole set of symptoms of the patient are collected evaluated and analyzed along with the pathology before reaching the similimum. In Homoeopathy it is the symptoms of the individual having tumour but not only of the tumour will determine the medicine.
Migraine involves recurrent attacks of moderate to severe headache. It usually appears before middle age; it usually affects about 20% of females and 6% of males at some point in life. Some patients have a misconception that any severe headache is migraine.
The exact cause of migraine is unknown. The risk factors include family history of migraine and female sex. Investigations like EEG and MRI are helpful in ruling out other causes of headache.
The triggering factors can vary from one person to another. Any of the following trigger usually a case of migraine.
- Hormonal changes in women especially before or during menses.
- Hormonal medications, such as oral contraceptives containing oestrogen and hormone replacement therapy
- Foods like Cheeses, salty foods, chocolates and processed foods
- Skipping meals or fasting
- Food additives: The sweetener aspartame and the preservative monosodium glutamate (MSG), found in many foods
- Alcohol, especially red wine, and highly caffeinated beverages
- Psychological factors: may occur after a period of stress
- Bright lights, sun glare, loud sounds, Strong smells — including perfume, paint thinner, secondhand smoke and others.
- Changes in sleep pattern: Missing sleep or getting too much sleep may trigger migraines in some people, as can jet lag.
- Physical factors: Intense physical exertion, including sexual activity
- Changes in the environment
- Medications like Oral contraceptives and vasodilators
- Some experiences a period of malaise, irritability or behavioral change for some hour or days prior to the occurrence of migraine.
- Severe throbbing or pulsating headache usually confined to one side but can occur on either side together lasting from 4 to 72 hours.
- Can be associated with aversion to light and noise, nausea and vomiting and transient speech disturbance.
- Movement makes the pain worse, and patients prefer to lie in a quiet, dark room.
- 20% of individuals experience migraine with Aura (Aura is a perceptual disturbance experienced before the onset of a migraine or seizure. It is perception of a strange light, an unpleasant smell or a confusing thought or experiences).
- 80% of the patients experiences migraine without aura.
A migraine can often cause disability due to the intensity of pain forcing the individual to take sick-leaves. Often stress plays an important role in causing and maintaining the attacks. Homoeopathy with its dynamically acting medicines heals the individual from the sickness and effectively brings peace of mind. Individual peculiarities are very important as far as Homoeopathic treatment is concerned.
NATRUM MURIATICUM: Throbbing pain. Blinding headache. Chronic headache, semi-lateral, congestive, from sunrise to sunset, with a pale face, nausea, vomiting; periodical; from eye strain; menstrual.
SANGUINARIA CANADENSIS: Right sided headache. Periodical sick headache. Veins in the temples are distended. Pain better by lying down and by sleep.
BELLADONNA: Severe throbbing and heat in the head. Pain worse in forehead, occiput and temples. Pain worse by light, noise, jar, lying down and in the afternoon; better by pressure.