Alopecia areata ('baldness in spots') is a form of hair loss, usually from the scalp, although it can affect other areas of the body. The hair loss mostly remains limited to the scalp but in certain cases it can extend to eyebrows, eyelashes, facial hair (beard, mustache), nasal hair and give rise to bald spots anywhere in the body. Alopecia areata is a common condition which arises largely due to a mix of immunological and hormonal factors.
Alopecia areata can affect both men and women and it is not uncommon to see children affected with this disorder. Approximately 2% of the general population worldwide suffers from alopecia areata. We come across many children with alopecia areata.
Hormonal cause: high levels of the male hormones (in men as well as in women) can trigger the onset of alopecia areata
- Thyroid disorders
- Drugs and medications:
- Commonest is this group are chemotherapy drugs, certain medicines used for gout, arthritis, depression, hypertension, ischemic heart disease, etc
- Large doses of vitamin a can also trigger alopecia
- Oral contraceptive pills
- Chemical treatment of hair, exposure of hair to excessive heat
- Low levels of iron
- Poor protein intake
- Physical stress: after undergoing some major surgery, or due to some chronic illness, rapid weight loss due to dieting
- Sle (systemic lupus erythematosus)
- Fungal infection of the scalp
- Lichen planus on scalp (with scarring)
Commonly, alopecia areata involves hair loss in one or more round spots on the scalp.
- Hair may also be lost more diffusely over the whole scalp, in which case the condition is called diffuse alopecia areata.
- Alopecia areata monolocularis describes baldness in only one spot. It may occur anywhere on the head.
- Alopecia areata multilocularis refers to multiple areas of hair loss.
- Ophiasis refers to hair loss in the shape of a wave at the circumference of the head.
- The disease may be limited only to the beard, in which case it is called alopecia areata barbae.
- If the person loses all the hair on the scalp, the disease is then called alopecia areata totalis.
- If all body hair, including pubic hair, is lost, the diagnosis then becomes alopecia areata universalis.
1. Excessive hair loss in small, round patches, usually in short period of time
2. May affect scalp, eyebrows, eyelashes, beard or moustache
3. Single or multiple bald (hairless) spots
4. Underlying skin usually looks normal
5. Generalized thinning of hair referred as diffused alopecia areata over the scalp.
6. Complete loss of hair all over the scalp – alopecia totalis
7. Extensive hair loss all over the body – alopecia univarsalis.
8. Scarred alopecia areata: any patch of alopecia which has a scar formation, as seen in this photo, cannot improve with any medicine.
Homeopathy is a wonderful method for treating hairfall. If the correct medicine is chosen, hairfall can resolve very rapidly. As with all homeopathic treatments, the goal is to identify the simillimum, the remedy that most closely matches the patient’s presenting symptoms and mental-emotional state. The power of homeopathy for treating hairfall is out of proportion to the expectation.
Its refers to an inability to conceive after having regular unprotected sex. Infertility can also refer to the biological inability of an individual to contribute to conception, or to a female who cannot carry a pregnancy to full term. In many countries infertility refers to a couple that has failed to conceive after 12 months of regular sexual intercourse without the use of contraception.
RISK FACTORS OF INFERTILITY
Sexually transmitted diseases
Infections with the following sexually transmitted pathogens have a negative effect on fertility: Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and syphilis. There is a consistent association of Mycoplasma genitalium infection and female reproductive tract syndromes. M. genitalium infection is associated with increased risk of infertility.
Factors that can cause male as well as female infertility are:
- DNA damage
- General factors
- Hypothalamic-pituitary factors
- The presence of anti-thyroid antibodies is associated with an increased risk of unexplained subfertility with an odds ratio of 1.5 and 95% confidence interval of 1.1–2.0.
- Environmental factors
Age - a woman's fertility starts to drop after she is about 32 years old, and continues doing so. A 50-year-old man is usually less fertile than a man in his 20s (male fertility progressively drops after the age of 40).
Being obese or overweight
Mental stress - studies indicate that female ovulation and sperm production may be affected by mental stress. If at least one partner is stressed it is possible that the frequency of sexual intercourse is less, resulting in a lower chance of conception.
CAUSES OF INFERTILITY IN WOMEN
There are many possible causes of infertility. Unfortunately, in about one-third of cases no cause is ever identified.
Problems with ovulation are the most common cause of infertility in women, experts say. Ovulation is the monthly release of an egg. In some cases the woman never releases eggs, while in others the woman does not release eggs during come cycles.
Ovulation disorders can be due to:
- Premature ovarian failure - the woman's ovaries stop working before she is 40.
- PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) - the woman's ovaries function abnormally. She also has abnormally high levels of androgen. About 5% to 10% of women of reproductive age are affected to some degree. Also called Stein-Leventhal syndrome.
- Hyperprolactinemia - if prolactin levels are high and the woman is not pregnant or breastfeeding, it may affect ovulation and fertility.
- Poor egg quality - eggs that are damaged or develop genetic abnormalities cannot sustain a pregnancy. The older a woman is the higher the risk.
- Overactive thyroid gland
- Underactive thyroid gland
- Some chronic conditions, such as AIDS or cancer.
CAUSES OF INFERTILITY IN MEN
The following are common causes of infertility in men.
Semen is the milky fluid that a man's penis releases during orgasm. Semen consists of fluid and sperm. The fluid comes from the prostate gland, seminal vesicle and other sex glands.
The sperm is produced in the testicles. During orgasm a man ejaculates (releases semen through the penis). The seminal fluid helps transport the sperm during ejaculation. The seminal fluid has sugar in it - sugar is an energy source for sperm.
Abnormal semen is responsible for about 75% of all cases of male infertility. Unfortunately, in many cases doctors never find out why. The following semen problems are possible:
Low sperm count (low concentration) - the man ejaculates a lower number of sperm, compared to other men. Sperm concentration should be 20 million sperm per milliliter of semen. If the count is under 10 million there is a low sperm concentration (subfertility).
- No sperm - when the man ejaculates there is no sperm in the semen.
- Low sperm mobility (motility) - the sperm cannot "swim" as well as it should.
- Abnormal sperm - perhaps the sperm has an unusual shape, making it more difficult to move and fertilize an egg.
Sperm must be the right shape and able to travel rapidly and accurately towards the egg. If the sperm's morphology (structure) and motility (movement) are wrong it is less likely to be able to reach the egg and fertilize it.
CAUSES OF ABNORMAL SEMEN
- Testicular infection
- Testicular cancer
- Testicular surgery
- Overheating the testicles - frequent saunas, hot tubs, very hot baths, or working in extremely hot environments can raise the temperature of the testicles. Tight clothing may have the same effect on some people.
- Ejaculation disorders - for some men it may be difficult to ejaculate properly. Men with retrograde ejaculation ejaculate semen into the bladder. If the ejaculatory ducts are blocked or obstructed the man may have a problem ejaculating appropriately.
- Varicocele - this is a varicose vein in the scrotum that may cause the sperm to overheat.
- Undescended testicle - one (or both) testicle fails to descend from the abdomen into the scrotum during fetal development. Sperm production is affected because the testicle is not in the scrotum and is at a higher temperature. Healthy sperm need to exist in a slightly lower-than-body temperature. That is why they are in the scrotum, and not inside the body.
- Hypogonadism - testosterone deficiency can result in a disorder of the testicles.
- Genetic abnormality - a man should have an X and Y chromosome. If he has two X chromosomes and one Y chromosome (Klinefelter's syndrome) there will be an abnormal development of the testicles, low testosterone, and a low sperm count (sometimes no sperm at all).
- Mumps - this viral infection usually affects young children. However, if it occurs after puberty inflammation of the testicles may affect sperm production.
- Hypospadias - the urethral opening is at the underside of the penis, instead of its tip. This abnormality is usually surgically corrected when the male is a baby. If it is not the sperm may find it harder to get to the female's cervix. Hypospadias occur in about 1 in every 500 newborn boys.
- Cystic fibrosis - Cystic fibrosis is a chronic disease that affects organs such as the liver, lungs, pancreas, and intestines. It disrupts the body's salt balance, leaving too little salt and water on the outside of cells and causing the thin layer of mucus that usually keeps the lungs free of germs to become thick and sticky. This mucus is difficult to cough out, and it clogs the lungs and airways, leading to infections and damaged lungs. Males with cystic fibrosis commonly have a missing or obstructed vas deferens (tube connecting the testes to the urethra; it carries sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct and the urethra).
- Radiotherapy - radiation therapy can impair sperm production. The severity usually depends on how near to the testicles the radiation was aimed.
- Some diseases - the following diseases and conditions are sometimes linked to lower fertility in males: Anemia, Cushing's syndrome, Diabetes, Thyroid disease.
Diagnosis made by collecting a medical and sexual history from both partners. The initial evaluation usually includes a semen analysis, a tubal evaluation, and ovarian reserve testing.
Homeopathic treatment of infertility is mainly achieved through the administration of constitutional homeopathic medicines found most suitable after a detailed case analysis. A detailed case analysis includes the general physical and mental constitutional make-up of the patient plus the symptoms in the sexual sphere and the underlying cause that is hindering the fertility process and needs to be corrected. Homeopathic medicines for infertility are natural medicines that help by raising the patient’s immunity to remove the obstruction that is hindering the process of fertility in a couple. Homeopathic medicines for infertility are non-toxic and carry no risk of side-effects.
A varicocele is similar to a varicose vein that can occur in the leg. A varicocele is an enlargement of the veins within the loose bag of skin that holds the testicles (scrotum) i. e., is an abnormal enlargement of the pampiniform venous plexus in the scrotum. This plexus of veins drains the testicles.
The testicular blood vessels originate in the abdomen and course down through the inguinal canal as part of the spermatic cord on their way to the testis. Upward flow of blood in the veins is ensured by small one-way valves that prevent backflow. Defective valves, or compression of the vein by a nearby structure, can cause dilatation of the testicular veins near the testis, leading to the formation of a varicocele.
A varicocele can result in decreased sperm production and quality, which in some cases can lead to infertility. It can also shrink the testicles.
Varicoceles are common and develop slowly over time. Most males are diagnosed between the ages of 15 and 25. They can be found in 15 percent of the general male population. They also affect around 15 percent of teenage boys. Varicoceles generally form during puberty and are more commonly found on the left side of your scrotum
Lifestyle factors such as activity type, diet, bowel health, testicular temperature, smoking, and alcohol moderation can affect both the occurrence rate and varicocele symptoms severity.
A majority of varicoceles occur on the left side, isolated right sided varicoceles are rare. A pelvic or abdominal malignancy is a definite concern when a unilateral right-sided varicocele is newly diagnosed in a patient older than 40 years of age.
- Scrotal swelling - visibly enlarged or twisted veins in your scrotum, which are often described as looking like a bag of worms.
- Dragging-like or aching pain within scrotum
- Feeling of heaviness in the testicle(s)
- Vary from sharp to dull discomfort
- Increase with standing or physical exertion, especially over long periods
- Worsen over the course of a day
- Be relieved when you lie on your back
- Atrophy (shrinking) of the testicle(s)
- urinary problems in case of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
HOW HOMOEOPATHY HELPS???
Constitutional approach towards the patient with varicocele is essential in the management. We cure the patient rather than just managing the disease. The homoeopathic physician carefully takes the symptoms and after proper analysis and evaluation he selects the medicine most matching to the constitutional peculiarities of the individual. It not only reverts the pathology back, but also improves the sperm count. The threat of becoming infertile is smoothly handled with cost effective Homoeopathic vital healing agents.
A hydrocele is a painless buildup of watery fluid around one or both testicles that causes the scrotum or groin area to swell. This swelling may be unsightly and uncomfortable, but it usually is not painful and generally is not dangerous. Although hydroceles are common in newborns, they can also occur at any age in later life. See a picture of a hydrocele.
A hydrocele can be produced in four ways:
- by excessive production of fluid within the sac, e.g. secondary hydrocele
- through defective absorption of fluid
- by interference with lymphatic drainage of scrotal structures as in case of elephantiasis
- by connection with a hernia of the peritoneal cavity in the congenital variety, which presents as hydrocele of the cord
Hydroceles usually don’t cause any pain. Usually, the only symptom is a swollen scrotum. In adult men, there may be a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum. In some cases, the swelling might be worse in the morning than in the evening.
Homeopathic medicines for hydrocele, if started well in time, can save a person from surgical intervention and related side-effects. Homeopathic medicines for hydrocele are of natural origin, making them safe for use among children as well as adults. They do not carry any toxic side-effects. Homeopathic medicines help reduce swelling in the scrotum as well as any associated symptoms such as pain or dragging sensation. Homeopathy offers the natural way for the treatment of hydrocele. The treatment works wonderfully in various diseases. In homeopathy case taking is the most important part which reveals cause of the disease and accordingly medicine is prescribed. The remedies act wonderfully if prescribed correctly.
Premature ejaculation is uncontrolled ejaculation either before or shortly after sexual penetration. It happens with minimal sexual stimulation and before the person wishes. It may result in unsatisfactory sex for both partners. This can increase the anxiety that may add to the problem. It is one of the most common forms of male sexual dysfunction. It has probably affected every man at some point in his life.
Most cases of PE are not related to any disease and are instead due to psychological factors, including:
- Sexual inexperience
- Novelty of a relationship
- Overexcitement or too much stimulation
- Relationship stress
- Guilty feelings
- Issues related to control and intimacy
These common psychological factors can affect men who have previously had normal ejaculation; such cases are often referred to as secondary, or acquired, PE.
Most cases of the rarer, more persistent form - primary or lifelong PE - are also believed to be caused by psychological problems.
The causes of primary or lifelong PE can often be traced back to early trauma, such as:
- Strict sexual teaching and upbringing
- Traumatic experiences of sex
- Conditioning - for example, a teenager learning to ejaculate quickly to avoid being found masturbating
Biological causes of PE are much less common than psychological ones. In rare cases, the cause can be more serious, such as nervous system damage as a result of surgery or physical trauma.
The following are also possible medical causes of PE (doctors will focus on diagnosis and management of the underlying condition first and monitor for improvement in sexual function):
- Multiple sclerosis
- Prostate disease
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- Thyroid problems
- Illicit drug use
- Excessive alcohol consumption
Symptoms of premature ejaculation
Put simply, PE involves a man ejaculating sooner than he and his partner desire.
Other symptoms that result from the ejaculatory problem include feelings of dissatisfaction and frustration. Those feelings can cause distress.
These psychological symptoms are secondary to the physical ejaculatory events and can be experienced by a man, his partner, or both.
Secondary symptoms caused by PE include:
- Loss of confidence in the relationship
- Interpersonal difficulty
- Mental distress
Homeopathy is a very effective and highly safe mode of treatment. Homeopathy is a science which acts at the root level and restores the health of a person. Homeopathic medicines are very easy to take and are not habit forming in nature. They form the best and safest mode of treatment for premature ejaculations . Homeopathic medicines for premature ejaculation do not have any harmful effects on the male reproductive system. There are several homeopathic medicines for premature ejaculation treatment which increase the sexual intercourse time and overall improves the health of penis. Homeopathic treatment gives a good feeling of wellness and thus helps in regaining the vigor.
The top grade homeopathic medicines for Premature Ejaculation are Agnus Castus, Ustilago, Graphites, Kali Bromatum, China and Phosphorus. Agnus Castus is one of the most prominent homeopathic medicines for premature ejaculation with sexual desire almost gone. Agnus is most indicated homeopathic medicine for ailments from sexual excesses.
Erectile dysfunction (ED)
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the inability to get or keep an erection firm enough to have sexual intercourse. It is also sometimes also referred to as impotence.
Physical causes of erectile dysfunction
- In most cases, erectile dysfunction is caused by something physical
- Heart disease – atherosclerosis High cholesterol High blood pressure
- Metabolic syndrome — a condition involving increased blood pressure, high insulin levels, body fat around the waist and high cholesterol
- Parkinson's disease
- Multiple sclerosis
- Tobacco use Alcoholism and other forms of substance abuse
- Sleep disorders, Treatments for prostate cancer or enlarged prostate
- Surgeries or injuries that affect the pelvic area or spinal cord
Psychological causes of erectile dysfunction
- The brain plays a key role in triggering the series of physical events that cause an erection, starting with feelings of sexual excitement.
- A number of things can interfere with sexual feelings and cause or worsen erectile dysfunction.
- Depression, anxiety or other mental health conditions
- Stres, Relationship problems due to stress, poor communication or other concerns
symptoms and signs?
- Penile erection occurs but it is not maintained for the length of sexual activity
- Penile erection that is not firm enough to penetrate the vagina
- Inability to obtain a penile erection
- An unsatisfactory sex life
- Stress or anxiety
- Embarrassment or low self-esteem
- Relationship problems
- The inability to get your partner pregnant
It’s a disorder that can devastate a man’s self-esteem and spoil his relationships. Erectile Dysfunction, or impotency as it is commonly known, refers to a man’s inability to obtain or maintain erection of the penis during sexual activity.
homeopathy can provide significant relief to patients suffering from male sexual disfunction. The medicines target the underlying cause of the disfunction and provide effective relief from the same
homeopathy works especially well in those cases where the cause of sexual dysfunction is psychological such as depression, stress or anxiety of performance.
In cases where nerve damage (due to surgical causes) has resulted in erectile dysfunction (impotence) or ejaculation problems, homeopathy can help to improve the nerve functions over a period of time.