A heel spur is a calcium deposit causing a bony protrusion on the underside of the heel bone.
They are attributed to chronic local inflammation at the insertion of soft-tissue tendons or fascia in the area. Heel spurs can be located at the back of the heel or under the heel, beneath the sole of the foot. Heel spurs at the back of the heel are frequently associated with inflammation of the Achilles tendon (tendinitis) and cause tenderness and pain at the back of the heel made worse while pushing off the ball of the foot.
Causes of Heel Spurs
Heel spurs occur when calcium deposits build up on the underside of the heel bone, a process that usually occurs over a period of many months. Heel spurs are often caused by strains on membrane that covers the heel bone. Heel spurs are especially common among athletes whose activities include large amounts of running and jumping
Heel spurs under the sole of the foot (plantar area) are sometimes associated with inflammation of the plantar fascia (fasciitis), the "bowstring-like" tissue stretching underneath the sole that attaches at the heel. Plantar heel spurs and plantar fasciitis cause localized tenderness and pain made worse when stepping down on the heel or pushing off the ball of the foot.
Signs and symptoms
Major symptoms consist of pain in the region surrounding the spur, which typically increases in intensity after prolonged periods of rest. Patients may report heel pain to be more severe when waking up in the morning. Patients may not be able to bear weight on the afflicted heel comfortably. Running, walking, or lifting heavy weight may exacerbate the issue.
Homoeopathy brings healing more safely and permanently than other conventional treatments. Homoeopathy with its holistic approach not only relieves the pain but also treat the condition permanently. The goal of the homoeopath is to find out the correct remedy which matches the patients presenting symptoms with the mental, emotional and physical plane. It is done with the detailed case study of the patient. The cause of the disease has to be found out and treatment will be based on that providing a permanent cure and preventing further reoccurrence.
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a neuromuscular disorder that causes weakness in the skeletal muscles, which are the muscles your body uses for movement.
It occurs when communication between nerve cells and muscles becomes impaired. This impairment prevents crucial muscle contractions from occurring, resulting in muscle weakness.
Though myasthenia gravis can affect people of any age, it's more common in women younger than 40 and in men older than 60.
Myasthenia gravis causes weakness of the voluntary muscles -- muscles that are under your control. Autonomic muscles of the heart and digestive tract are usually not affected. The muscle weakness of myasthenia gravis worsens with activity and improves with rest.
This muscle weakness can lead to a variety of symptoms, including:
- Breathing difficulty because of weakness of the chest wall muscles
- Chewing or swallowing difficulty, causing frequent gagging, choking, or drooling
- Difficulty climbing stairs, lifting objects, or rising from a seated position
- Difficulty talking
- Drooping head and eyelids
- Facial paralysis or weakness of the facial muscles
- Hoarseness or changing voice
- Double vision
- Difficulty maintaining steady gaze
Factors that can worsen myasthenia gravis
- Some medications — such as beta blockers, quinidine gluconate, quinidine sulfate, quinine (Qualaquin), phenytoin (Dilantin), certain anesthetics and some antibiotics
Complications of myasthenia gravis are treatable, but some can be life-threatening.
- Myasthenic crisis - is a life-threatening condition that occurs when the muscles that control breathing become too weak to do their jobs.
- Thymus tumors
People with myasthenia gravis are more likely to have the following conditions:
- Underactive or overactive thyroid. The thyroid gland, which is in the neck, secretes hormones that regulate your metabolism. If your thyroid is underactive, you may have difficulties dealing with cold, weight gain and other issues. An overactive thyroid can cause difficulties dealing with heat, weight loss and other issues.
- Autoimmune conditions. People with myasthenia gravis may be more likely to have autoimmune conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus.
Homoeopathy is very effective in the treatment of myasthenia gravis. Medicine is not for the disease but it is for the patient and in homoeopathy whole person is considered. After a detailed study about the patient prescription is made. All homeopathic medicines are safe, natural, easy to administer and without any adverse effects.
Sciatica refers to pain that radiates along the path of the sciatic nerve, which branches from your lower back through your hips and buttocks back of thigh and down each leg. Typically, sciatica affects only one side of your body.
Sciatica most commonly occurs when a herniated disk, bone spur on the spine or narrowing of the spine (spinal stenosis) compresses part of the nerve. This causes inflammation, pain and often some numbness in the affected leg.
- Lumbar spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spinal canal in the lower back)
- Degenerative disc disease (breakdown of discs, which act as cushions between the vertebrae)
- Spondylolisthesis (a condition in which one vertebra slips forward over another one)
- Muscle spasm in the back or buttocks
- More rarely, the nerve can be compressed by a tumor or damaged by a disease such as diabetes.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF SCIATICA?
Common symptoms of sciatica include:
- Lower back pain
- Pain in the rear or leg that is worse when sitting
- Hip pain
- Burning or tingling down the leg
- Weakness, numbness, or difficulty moving the leg or foot
- A constant pain on one side of the rear
- A shooting pain that makes it difficult to stand up
Sciatica usually affects only one side of the lower body. Often, the pain extends from the lower back all the way through the back of the thigh and down through the leg. Depending on where the sciatic nerve is affected, the pain may also extend to the foot or toes.
For some people, the pain from sciatica can be severe and debilitating. For others, the sciatica pain might be infrequent and irritating, but has the potential to get worse. Seek immediate medical attention if you have progressive lower extremity weakness, numbness in the upper thighs, and/or loss of bladder or bowel control.
The homeopathic approach for sciatica is the constitutional approach where the patient answers a list of questions, based on which the analysis and evaluation of the case is done and a proper constitutional therapy is selected. As homeopathy believes we need to treat the man in disease and not the disease in man. Since the treatment targets the root cause, Homeopathy offers long-term cure instead of temporary relief. It treats at a deeper level of immunity and enhances the healing capacity of the body.
Rickets is a condition that affects bone development in children caused by a lack of vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate.
It leads to softening and weakening of the bones. Vitamin D deficiency makes it difficult for your body to maintain sufficient levels of calcium and phosphate. When this occurs, your body produces hormones that cause calcium and phosphate to be released from your bones. When your bones lack these minerals, they become weak and soft.
People with rickets can have weak and soft bones, stunted growth, and, in severe cases, skeletal deformities.
Rickets is most common in children who are between 6 and 36 months old
Symptoms of rickets include:
- Bone pain or tenderness in the arms, legs, pelvis, and spine
- Decreased muscle tone (loss of muscle strength) and weakness that gets worse
- Dental deformities, including delayed tooth formation, defects in the tooth structure, holes in the enamel, and increased cavities (dental caries)
- Impaired growth
- Increased bone fractures
- Muscle cramps
- Short stature (adults less than 5 feet tall)
- Skeletal deformities such as an odd-shaped skull, bowlegs, bumps in the ribcage (rachitic rosary), breastbone that is pushed forward (pigeon chest), pelvic deformities, and spine deformities (spine that curves abnormally, including scoliosis or kyphosis)
Factors that can increase a child's risk of rickets include:
Dark skin doesn't react as strongly to sunshine as does lighter skin, so it produces less vitamin D.
Mother's vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy.
A baby born to a mother with severe vitamin D deficiency can be born with signs of rickets or develop them within a few months after birth.
Children who live in geographical locations where there is less sunshine are at higher risk of rickets.
Babies born before their due dates are more likely to develop rickets.
Certain types of anti-seizure medications and antiretroviral medications, used to treat HIV infections, appear to interfere with the body's ability to use vitamin D.
Breast milk doesn't contain enough vitamin D to prevent rickets. Babies who are exclusively breast-fed should receive vitamin D drops.
Left untreated, rickets can lead to:
- Failure to grow
- Abnormally curved spine
- Skeletal deformities
- Dental defects
Homoeopathy has a great role in the treatment of rickets. Medicines are prescribed after a detailed study of the patient including his mental, physical and genetic makeup. Genetic code determines the characteristic of an individual. Homoeopathy medicine that is prescribed based on this has the ability to act upon the genetic code. Thereby it can boost your immune system and prevent progression of the disease.
It is a chronic condition caused by inflammation in the vertebrae (the bones of the spine). Ankylosing Spondylitis is a form of spinal arthritis. The spine's bones (vertebrae) may grow or fuse together, resulting in a rigid spine. These changes may be mild or severe, and may lead to a stooped-over posture. Early diagnosis and treatment helps control pain and stiffness and may reduce or prevent significant deformity.
Ankylosing spondylitis affects men more often than women. Signs and symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis typically begin in early adulthood. AS can develop at any age. The tendency to develop the disease is inherited, but not everyone with these marker genes will develop the disease.
The area’s most commonly affected are:
- The joint between the base of your spine and your pelvis
- The vertebrae in your lower back
- The places where your tendons and ligaments attach to bones, mainly in your spine, but sometimes along the back of your heel
- The cartilage between your breastbone and ribs
- Your hip and shoulder joints
The most common early symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis include:
- Pain and stiffness. Constant pain and stiffness in the low back, buttocks, and hips that continue for more than three months. Spondylitis often starts around the sacroiliac joints, where the sacrum (the lowest major part of the spine) joins the ilium bone of the pelvis in the lower back region.
- Bony fusion. Ankylosing spondylitis can cause an overgrowth of the bones, which may lead to abnormal joining of bones, called "bony fusion." Fusion affecting bones of the neck, back, or hips may impair a person's ability to perform routine activities. Fusion of the ribs to the spine or breastbone may limit a person's ability to expand his or her chest when taking a deep breath.
- Pain in ligaments and tendons. Spondylitis also may affect some of the ligaments and tendons that attach to bones. Tendonitis (inflammation of the tendon) may cause pain and stiffness in the area behind or beneath the heel, such as the Achilles tendon at the back of the ankle.
Homoeopathy has given wonderful results in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis. Homoeopathy treats the person as a whole and homeopathic medicines are selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution etc. Hence the remedy selected is based on the constitution of the person which is peculiar to an individual and With zero side effects Homoeopathic remedial agents can delay the progression of the disease and thereby the individual can lead a healthy life.
What is Bursitis ????
The bursa is a sac filled with lubricating fluid, located between tissues such as bone, muscle, tendons, and skin, that decreases rubbing, friction, and irritation. Bursitis is the inflammation or irritation of the bursa. There are more than 150 bursae in the human body. Bursitis most often affects the bursa at joints in the shoulders, elbows or hips, but can occur elsewhere including the knee, heel and the base of a big toe.
Bursitis is most often caused by repetitive, minor impact on the area, or from a sudden, more serious injury. Overuse or injury to the joint at work or play can also increase a person's risk of bursitis. Examples of high-risk activities include gardening, raking, carpentry, shoveling, painting, scrubbing, tennis, golf, skiing, throwing, and pitching. Incorrect posture at work or home and poor stretching or conditioning before exercise can also lead to bursitis. Bursitis of the shoulder is common among baseball pitchers and "housemaid's knee" is the quaint name for bursitis related to spending too much time kneeling.
Bursitis is more common in adults, especially in those over 40 years of age.
Symptoms of bursitis
The most common symptom of bursitis is PAIN. usually characterized as a dull ache or stiffness around the affected area. Pain worse on movement or by pressure.The pain may build up gradually or be sudden and severe, especially if calcium deposits are present.
Bursitis often occurs near joints. If you have bursitis, the affected joint may feel achy or stiff, Hurt more when you move it or press on it and looks swollen and red.
Common areas affected by bursitis
Repeated physical stress can cause bursitis in the following areas:
This typically occurs after trauma to the rotator cuff, the muscles and tendons that connect the upper arm to the shoulder blade. In addition to repetitive activities (such as throwing a ball), causes may include injuries from falling or lifting.
This develops as a result of repetitive bending and extending of the elbow (from such activities as swinging a tennis racquet, but it also can occur from everyday activities such as pushing a vacuum cleaner back and forth). Habitually leaning on an elbow can also be to blame.
Typically, bursitis in the bursa over the bones in the buttocks comes from sitting on a hard surface for long periods, such as you would encounter if you ride a bike frequently.
This usually stems from osteoarthritis, a hip injury or the pressure from habitually standing or sitting for prolonged periods of time.
With this type of bursitis, you may see a soft, egg-shaped bump on the front of your knee. Repetitive kneeling while scrubbing floors, gardening, laying tiles or engaging in other activities that place pressure on your knees can trigger it. In addition, a sharp blow to the knee can inflame the bursae around the kneecap. You're more susceptible to bursitis of the knee if you have osteoarthritis and are overweight.
This usually follows from wearing improperly fitting shoes.
Homoeopathic approach in treatment of bursitis
Homeopathy is very effective for people experiencing acute (short-term and sudden) episodes of bursitis / tendinitis, as well as a chronic (long-term and re-occurring) condition of the same. There is no known side effect to homeopathic MEDICINES or contradictions with other medicines. The treatment will be focused on the cause of the disease and if once the cause is removed the disease will be cured. This is achieved by a pre examination of the patient. Physical, mental and emotional plane of the patient is considered. Once the medicine is prescribed, it has the ability to boost up your immune system and brings the cure.
Myalgia or muscle pain is not a medical disorder but is a symptom of an existing underlying condition. Almost everybody has experienced discomfort in their muscles at some point. Because there is muscle tissue in nearly all parts of the body, this type of pain can be felt practically anywhere.
The most common cause is stress or tension that results from excessive use of the muscles that are affected or from an injury. The myalgia can be localized and involve just one or more muscles. It can also develop as a consequence of some disorder or disease that could be in existence in a person that suffers from myalgia. Some of the disorders and diseases that can cause myalgia include:
Chronic fatigue syndrome –
this disorder is marked by extreme fatigue and of the eight official symptoms of this disorder, muscle pain is one of them, Chronic exertional compartment syndrome – this is a syndrome that causes muscle and nerve pain that is induced by an exertion of exercise and Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome – this is a rare autoimmune and inflammatory disease that causes inflammation and pain of your nerves, blood vessels, skin, muscles, and lungs.
Other causes such as any kind of injury to the muscle can cause mild to severe muscle aching. Overuse or overstretching of muscles, Polio, Malaria, Myopathy (a disease of muscles in which there is aching of muscles along with weakness), Hyperthyroidism , Rabies, Arthritis,Tetanus, Dengue fever, Typhoid fever and Muscular abscess (pain along with inflammation and collection of pus) are some of the other cause of the muscle pain.
Symptoms of Myalgia
There are many different symptoms but what they will be depends on the area that is being affected.
- The most common symptom of myalgia is the pain that is often severe. The onset of pain is usually sudden and will linger for a few days to many weeks. It all depends on the cause and intensity of the pain. The pain is often associated with spasms and stiffness. The pain can also be continual.
- For chronic cases of myalgia it is usually marked with stiffness and pain after periods of being inactive. After reasonable exercise the pain will usually ease up.
- When it affects your cervical manifest with heaviness of your head accompanied with an occipital headache
- Cervical myalgia can also manifest with problems swallowing, numbness of your face, and vision impairment,
- When the chest muscles are involved in myalgia it could cause difficulty in breathing in and out.
- When the myalgia involved your heart you could experience irregular heartbeats and is also a potential for cardiac arrest.
- You may also notice the affected area is tender to the touch.
Other symptoms that you might notice can include:
- Vomiting and nausea
- Depression and anxiety
- Tingling and numbness in your arms and other parts of your body
The following can be a sign of a medical emergency. Get to the hospital as soon as possible if you experience any of the following along with aching muscles:
- a sudden onset of water retention or a reduction in urine volume
- difficulty swallowing
- vomiting or running a fever
- trouble catching your breath
- stiffness in your neck area
- muscles that are weak
- inability to move the affected area of the body
Homeopathic treatment helps you not only for chronic diseases but also efficient in acute conditions. Homeopathic treatment helps you in the conditions of muscular aches and pains that do not respond to the traditional medicines. Nothing in the world exist without a cause and the aim of homoeopathic treatment is to find out the underlying cause of the pain and the treatment will be based on that. Prescription will be made on a detailed study of the case. Medicines are safer and has no side effects.
Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a genetic disorder that weakens the muscles that help the body to move. Muscular dystrophies are characterized by progressive skeletal muscle weakness, defects in muscle proteins, and the death of muscle cells and tissue. People with MD have incorrect or missing information in their genes, which prevents them from making the proteins they need for healthy muscles.
MD weakens muscles over time, so children, teens, and adults who have the disease can gradually lose the ability to do the things most people take for granted, like walking or sitting up. Someone with MD might start having muscle problems as a baby or the symptoms might start later. Some people even develop MD as adults.
Causes of Muscular Dystrophy
It is an inherited disorder, means it is passed down through generations in a family. Many cases occur from spontaneous mutation, which is not found in genes of either of the parent, and this defect can be passed to next generation.
Types of Muscular Dystrophy
There are a number of muscular dystrophy variants, including the following:
- Duchenne muscular dystrophy: the most common form of the illness. Symptoms normally start before a child's third birthday; they are generally wheelchair-bound by 12 and die of respiratory failure by their early-to-mid-twenties
- Becker muscular dystrophy: similar symptoms to Duchenne but with a later onset and slower progression
- Myotonic (Steinert's disease): the myotonic form is the most common adult-onset form. It is characterized by an inability to relax a muscle once it has contracted. The muscles of the face and neck are often affected first. Symptoms also include cataracts, sleepiness and arrhythmia
- Congenital: this variant can be obvious from birth or before the age of 2. It affects girls and boys. Some forms progress slowly whereas others can move swiftly and cause significant impairment
- Facioscapulohumeral (FSHD): onset can be at almost any age but is most commonly seen during teenage years. The muscular weakness often begins in the face and shoulders. People with FSHD may sleep with their eyes slightly open and have trouble fully closing their eyelids. When an individual with FSHD raises their arms, their shoulder blades protrude like wings
- Limb-girdle: this variant begins in childhood or teenage years and first affects the shoulder and hip muscles. Individuals with the limb-girdle muscular dystrophy might have trouble raising the front part of the foot, making tripping a common problem.
- Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy: onset is between the ages of 40 and 70. Eyelids, throat and face are first affected, followed by the shoulder and pelvis.
Symptoms of muscular dystrophy
- A waddling gait
- Pain and stiffness in the muscles
- Difficulty with running and jumping
- Walking on toes
- Particularly large calf muscles
- Difficulty sitting up or standing
- Learning disabilities, such as developing speech later than usual
- Frequent falls.
- Inability to walk
- A shortening of muscles and tendons, further limiting movement
- Breathing problems can become so severe that assisted breathing is necessary
- Curvature of the spine can be caused if muscles are not strong enough to support its structure
- The muscles of the heart can be weakened, leading to cardiac problems
- Difficulty swallowing; this can cause aspiration pneumonia and a feeding tube is sometimes necessary.
Homoeopathy is very effective in treating muscular dystrophy. Homoeopathic treatment helps to slow down the process of muscular degeneration, and can work on bringing some symptomatic relief, such as improving muscle power. It is aimed at better quality life. Treatment for Muscular Dystrophy involves a detailed pre-treatment interview with the patient and the close relatives of the patient. Case study helps to find the mental, physical and genetic makeup of the patient and thereby correct medicine peculiar to the patient is found out. Homoeopathic medicines help to reduce the muscle weakness and control the disease progression
Sprains and strains are used interchangeably to describe everything from a twisted ankle to a pulled hamstring, but they are two specific injuries.
- A sprain is a stretch or tear in a ligament (the bands of fibrous tissue that connect our bones at the joints).
- A strain is also a stretch or tear, this time affecting the muscle itself or a tendon (the tissue that connect the muscles to the bones).
Sprains usually happen when a person falls, twists, or is hit in a way that forces the body out of its normal position. The most common type of sprain is a sprained ankle.
Wrist and thumb sprains are also common, particularly in sports like skiing, where it’s not unusual to fall and land on an outstretched palm.
Strains happen when a person twists or pulls a muscle or a tendon. Athletes in contact sports, like football, hockey, and boxing, are at particularly high risk for strains. Frequent repetitive motions, like those used in tennis, rowing, and golf, can lead to strains of the hand and forearm.
In the workplace, people at particular risk for sprains and strains are those who engage in frequent heavy lifting, which can include everyone from construction workers and laborers to warehouse workers, nurses, and physical therapists.
The 3 Grades of Ligament Injury are:
- Grade l : Mild ligament tear
- Grade 2 : Moderate ligament tear
- Grade 3 : Severe (Ruptured) ligament tear
The signs of most sprains or strains are very similar: pain and inflammation, and sometimes bruising, at the injured area. Depending on the severity of the sprain or strain, the pain may be mild, moderate, or severe.
The more severe the sprain or strain, the more difficult it is to use the affected area. Someone with a mild sprain may just favor that ankle slightly.
The homeopathic approach for ligament tear is the constitutional approach where the patient answers a list of questions, based on which the analysis and evaluation of the case is done and a proper constitutional therapies is selected. As homeopathy believes we need to treat the man in disease and not the disease in man. It gives a permanent cure.
Lumbar Spondylitis or spondylitis is a condition where there is an inflammation of lumbar (lower vertebral) spine, popularly called as Back ache. The inflammation can be mild, moderate or severe leading to a range of severity of symptoms. There is not only inflammation of the vertebra but also some amount of fusing, which gives painful stiffness.
There is no known cause for the development of spondylitis. Main factors are:
— About 90 percent of people with spondylitis have a specific gene, HLA-B27. Individuals with this gene are at a greater risk for developing spondylitis. Physicians have blood tests to determine whether or not you are a carrier of the HLA-B27 gene.
— Most people with spondylitis developed the spine condition between the ages of 17 — 45.
— Males develop spondylitis much more frequently than females.
- Stiffness and pain in back
- Loss of mobility in the spine
- Inability to twist and turn, or to do so without pain
- Chronic pain and discomfort when standing, sitting, or walking
- Deformity or abnormal spine curvature
Homoeopathic medicines are very beneficial in controlling the pain and stiffness in back. Homeopathic medicines are sourced from natural substances and have no side effects. Medicines are selected by a detailed case analysis of the patient.
Tennis elbow or lateral epicondylitis, is an inflammation of the tendons that join the forearm muscles on the outside of the elbow. It is a painful condition of the elbow caused by overuse. Not surprisingly, playing tennis or other racquet sports can cause this condition. However, despite the name several other sports and activities can also put you at risk. The forearm muscles and tendons become damaged from overuse — repeating the same motions again and again. This leads to pain and tenderness on the outside of the elbow.
Most people who get tennis elbow are between the ages of 30 and 50, although anyone can get tennis elbow if they have the risk factors.
- Any repetitive motion of the wrist, including tennis, hedge clipping, excessive use of a hammer or screwdriver, painting, or any activity that requires excessive constant gripping or squeezing can cause tennis elbow.
- In the game of tennis, the following maneuvers can lead to tennis elbow:
- One-handed backhand with poor form
- A late forehand swing resulting in bending the wrist significantly
- Snapping and turning the wrist while serving with full power
- Athletes are not the only people who get tennis elbow. Many people with tennis elbow participate in work or recreational activities that require repetitive and vigorous use of the forearm muscle.
- Painters, plumbers, and carpenters are particularly prone to developing tennis elbow. Studies have shown that auto workers, cooks, and even butchers get tennis elbow more often than the rest of the population. It is thought that the repetition and weight lifting required in these occupations leads to injury.
- occur without any recognized repetitive injury. This occurence is called "insidious" or of an unknown cause.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
- Pain on the outer part of the elbow (lateral epicondyle)
- Point tenderness over the lateral epicondyle—a prominent part of the bone on the outside of the elbow (where the tendons of your forearm muscles attach).
- Pain from gripping and movements of the wrist, especially wrist extension and lifting movements
- Pain from activities that use the muscles that extend the wrist (e.g. pouring a container of liquid, lifting with the palm down, sweeping, especially where wrist movement is required)
- Symptoms associated with tennis elbow include, but are not limited to: radiating pain from the outside of the elbow to the forearm and wrist, pain during extension of wrist weakness of the forearm, a painful grip while shaking hands or torquing a doorknob, and not being able to hold relatively heavy items in the hand.
The pain is similar to the condition known as golfer's elbow, but the latter occurs at the medial side of the elbow.
Although this this disease is many times caused by the overuse of the hand but it shows that the individual has a predisposition or tendency to get this disease. Hence the treatment strategy is also directed towards the correcting of the genetic tendency to get the particular illness. Medicine is selected according to the individual peculiarities which in is found out through thorough case taking.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a long-lasting autoimmune disorder that primarily affects joints. It typically results in warm, swollen, and painful joints. Pain and stiffness often worsen following rest. Most commonly, the wrist and hands are involved, with the same joints typically involved on both sides of the body. The disease may also affect other parts of the body. This may result in a low red blood cell count, inflammation around the lungs, and inflammation around the heart. Fever and low energy may also be present. Often, symptoms come on gradually over weeks to months.
Onset is most frequent during middle age and women are affected 2.5 times as frequently as men. The term rheumatoid arthritis is based on the Greek for watery and inflamed joints.
Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when your immune system attacks the synovium — the lining of the membranes that surround your joints .The resulting inflammation thickens the synovium, which can eventually destroy the cartilage and bone within the joint.The tendons and ligaments that hold the joint together weaken and stretch. Gradually, the joint loses its shape and alignment.
- Your sex. Women are more likely than men to develop rheumatoid arthritis.
- Age. Rheumatoid arthritis can occur at any age, but it most commonly begins between the ages of 40 and 60.
- Family history. If a member of your family has rheumatoid arthritis, you may have an increased risk of the disease.
- Smoking. Cigarette smoking increases your risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis, particularly if you have a genetic predisposition for developing the disease. Smoking also appears to be associated with greater disease severity.
- Environmental exposures. Although uncertain and poorly understood, some exposures such as asbestos or silica may increase the risk for developing rheumatoid arthritis. Emergency workers exposed to dust from the collapse of the World Trade Center are at higher risk of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.
- Obesity. People who are overweight or obese appear to be at somewhat higher risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis, especially in women diagnosed with the disease when they were 55 or younger.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
RA primarily affects joints, but it also affects other organs in more than 15–25% of individuals.
- Joints - Most commonly involved are the small joints of the hands, feet and cervical spine, but larger joints like the shoulder and knee can also be involved.
- RA typically manifests with signs of inflammation, with the affected joints being swollen, warm, painful and stiff, particularly early in the morning on waking or following prolonged inactivity. Increased stiffness early in the morning is often a prominent feature of the disease and typically lasts for more than an hour. As the pathology progresses the inflammatory activity leads to tendon tethering and erosion and destruction of the joint surface, which impairs range of movement and leads to deformity. The fingers may suffer from almost any deformity depending on which joints are most involved. Specific deformities, which also occur in osteoarthritis, include ulnar deviation, boutonniere deformity (also "button hole deformity", flexion of proximal interphalangeal joint and extension of distal interphalangeal joint), swan neck deformity (hyperextension at proximal interphalangeal joint and flexion at distal interphalangeal joint) and "Z-thumb." "Z-thumb" or "Z-deformity" consists of hyperextension of the interphalangeal joint, fixed flexion and subluxation of the metacarpophalangeal joint and gives a "Z" appearance to the thumb. The hammer toe deformity may be seen. In the worst case, joints are known as arthritis mutilans due to the mutilating nature of the deformities."Spindling of fingers" of hand occurs due to swelling of the PIP but not DIP joints. "Piano key movement" of the ulnar styloid occurs due to inflammation around the ulnar styloid and tenosynovitis of extensor carpi ulnaris.
- Skin - The rheumatoid nodule, which is sometimes in the skin, is the most common non joint feature . Several forms of vasculitis occur in RA. A benign form occurs as microinfarcts around the nailfolds.
- Lungs - Fibrosis of the lungs is a recognized response to rheumatoid disease.. Pleural effusions are also associated with RA. Another complication of RA is Rheumatoid Lung Disease.
- Kidneys - Renal amyloidosis can occur as a consequence of chronic inflammation
- Heart and blood vessels - People with RA are more prone to atherosclerosis, and risk of myocardial infarction (heart attack) and stroke is markedly increased. Other possible complications that may arise include: pericarditis, endocarditis, left ventricular failure, valvulitis and fibrosis
- Eyes - The eye can be directly affected in the form of episcleritis or scleritis..
- Liver- Liver problems in people with rheumatoid arthritis may be due to the underlying disease process or as a result of the medications used to treat the disease.
- Blood - Anemia is by far the most common abnormality of the blood cells which can be caused by a variety of mechanisms.
- Neurological - Peripheral neuropathy and mononeuritis multiplex may occur. The most common problem is carpal tunnel syndrome caused by compression of the median nerve by swelling around the wrist..
- Constitutional symptoms - Constitutional symptoms including fatigue, low grade fever, malaise, morning stiffness, loss of appetite and loss of weight are common systemic manifestations seen in people with active RA.
- Bones - Local osteoporosis occurs in RA around inflamed joints. It is postulated to be partially caused by inflammatory cytokines. Cancer
- The incidence of lymphoma is increased in RA, although it is uncommon
Homoeopathic medicines can reduce the frequency , duration and severity of the attacks and delay the onset of complications. In advanced stages where deformity of the joints have occurred , homoeopathy can help to ease the pain . it also helps in reducing the joint stiffness and pain .
Osteoarthritis(OA) is the most common form of arthritis affecting millions of people worldwide. In osteoarthritis, the top layer of cartilage breaks down and wears away. This allows bones under the cartilage to rub together. The rubbing causes pain, swelling, and loss of motion of the joint. Over time, the joint may lose its normal shape. Also, bone spurs may grow on the edges of the joint. Bits of bone or cartilage can break off and float inside the joint space, which causes more pain and damage.
Osteoarthritis can occur in any joint, but usually it affects your hands, knees, hips or spine.
Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage that cushions the ends of bones in your joints gradually deteriorates. Cartilage is a firm, slippery tissue that permits nearly frictionless joint motion.
Factors that may increase your risk of osteoarthritis include:
Osteoarthritis usually starts from the late 40s onwards. it’s more common in older people, may be due to your muscles weakening and your body being less able to heal itself, or your joint slowly wearing out over time.
Women are more likely to develop osteoarthritis, though it isn't clear why.
Carrying extra body weight contributes to osteoarthritis in several ways, and the more you weigh, the greater your risk. Increased weight puts added stress on weight-bearing joints, such as your hips and knees. In addition, fat tissue produces proteins that may cause harmful inflammation in and around your joints.
Joint injuries :
Injuries, such as those that occur when playing sports or from an accident, may increase the risk of osteoarthritis. Even injuries that occurred many years ago and seemingly healed can increase your risk of osteoarthritis.
If your job includes tasks that place repetitive stress on a particular joint, that joint may eventually develop OA.
Some people inherit a tendency to develop osteoarthritis.
Some people are born with malformed joints or defective cartilage, which can increase the risk of osteoarthritis.
Other types of joint disease :
SYMPTOMS OF OSTEOARTHRITIS ARE:
Pain - The pain tends to be worse when you move your joint or at the end of the day. If you have severe osteoarthritis, you may feel pain more often.
Your joints may feel stiff after rest, but this usually wears off as you get moving.
(A grating or grinding sensation) – Your joint may creak or crunch as you move.
The swelling may be hard (caused by osteophytes) or soft (caused by synovial thickening and extra fluid), and the muscles around your joint may look thin or wasted.
Restricted Movement of Joints
Your joint may not move as freely or as far as normal. Sometimes it may give way because your muscles have weakened or your joint has become less stable. Exercises to strengthen your muscles can help to prevent this.
In more severe cases, the pain might not go away. It might stop you sleeping and cause difficulties in your daily activities. For example : osteoarthritis of the knee or hip can make it difficult to climb stairs or get up from a chair.
Homoeopathic medicines that chosen correctly after a detailed study of the patient shows wonderful results in managing osteoarthritis.Homeopathic medicines can reduce pain and improve mobility. Homeopathic medicines are definitely suggested for osteoarthritis, especially for early cases where the medicines can slow down the degenerative process and offer considerable pain relief.
Osteoporosis means “porous bone.” Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by a decrease in bone density. Bones become weak and brittle. Osteoporosis-related fractures most commonly occur in the hip, wrist or spine.
Osteoporosis affects men and women of all races. But especially older women who are past menopause are at highest risk
Factors that can increase the risk of developing osteoporosis include:
- gender - being female
- age - the older you are, the greater the risk
- menopause or amenorrhea
- family history
- frame size - men and women with small body frames
- medications - steroids
- low calcium intake
- weight loss
- tobacco use
- sedentary lifestyle
What Are the Symptoms of Osteoporosis?
Doctors call osteoporosis a “silent disease” because the condition often has no symptoms. The first sign a person has the condition is often a painful bone fracture.
The symptom associated with osteoporotic fractures usually is pain; the location of the pain depends on the location of the fracture. The symptoms of osteoporosis in men are similar to the symptoms of osteoporosis in women.
Symptoms that could signal osteoporosis include progressive loss of height over time and a rounded upper back known as a dowager’s hump.
Homoeopathy treats the induvidual suffering from the disease and not merely a disease condition. The correct remedy for any individual is based upon a remedy that best matches the symptoms of that individual. Homeopathic medicines are natural remedies for treating weak bones and the complications resulting out of it. These natural homeopathic medicines are very helpfull in absorbing calcium for bones and also in treating fractured bones. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat osteoporosis but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. Medicines boost your immune system and prevent progression of the disease.
Gout is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, redness and tenderness in joints, often the joint at the base of the big toe. Gout — a complex form of arthritis — can affect anyone. Men are more likely to get gout, but women become increasingly susceptible to gout after menopause. Gout is caused by too much uric acid in the blood. when uric acid levels in your blood are too high, the uric acid may form hard crystals in your joints.
Gout occurs when urate crystals accumulate in your joint, causing the inflammation and intense pain of a gout attack. Urate crystals can form when you have high levels of uric acid in your blood.
- Diet - Eating a diet that's high in meat and seafood and high in beverages sweetened with fruit sugar (fructose) promotes higher levels of uric acid, which increases your risk of gout. Alcohol consumption, especially of beer, also increases the risk of gout.
- Obesity - If you are overweight, your body produces more uric acid and your kidneys have a more difficult time eliminating uric acid, which greatly increases your risk of gout.
- Medical conditions - These include untreated high blood pressure and chronic conditions such as diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and heart and kidney diseases.
- Certain medications - The use of thiazide diuretics — commonly used to treat hypertension — and low-dose aspirin also can increase uric acid levels. So can the use of anti-rejection drugs prescribed for people who have undergone an organ transplant.
- Family history of gout - If other members of your family have had gout, you're more likely to develop the disease.
- Age and Sex - Men also are more likely to develop gout earlier — usually between the ages of 30 and 50 — whereas women generally develop signs and symptoms after menopause.
- Recent surgery or trauma - Experiencing recent surgery or trauma has been associated with an increased risk of developing gout.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
The signs and symptoms of gout almost always occur suddenly — often at night — and without warning.
- Intense joint pain - Gout usually affects the large joint of your big toe, but it can occur in your feet, ankles, knees, hands and wrists. The pain is likely to be most severe within the first four to 12 hours after it begins.
- Lingering discomfort - After the most severe pain subsides, some joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks. Later attacks are likely to last longer and affect more joints.
- Inflammation and redness - The affected joint or joints become swollen, tender, warm and red.
- Limited range of motion - Decreased joint mobility may occur as gout progresses.
Homoeopathy helps in controlling the pain during the acute attack of gout as well as helps in preventing the recurrence of such episodes . homeopathic treatment also helps in reducing stiffness and improves the mobility of the joints.