RECURRENT ATTACK OF COLD OR RHINITIS
It is defined as the inflammation of the mucous membrane of nose. It is the commonest infection affecting the human body. It is mainly divided into Acute Rhinitis, Chronic Rhinitis, Allergic Rhinitis and Vasomotor Rhinitis. An adult can expect 2-4 colds a year, and a young child about 3-8 colds a year.
Acute Rhinitis is the acute inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose. It can be viral, bacterial or irritative type. Chronic Rhinitis is the chronic non-specific inflammation of the nose. Allergic Rhinitis can be ige mediated type 1 hyper sensitivity reaction of the mucous membrane of the nasal air way. Vasomotor Rhinitis is a perennial non-allergic Rhinitis.
Rhinitis caused by unhygienic condition, viruses, bacterias, climactic condition, endocrinal or metabolic disorder, stress
- Sneezing followed by stuffiness in nostrils.
- Nasal discharges.
- Post nasal discharge.
- Loss of sense of smells and taste impairment.
- Itching in nose, eyes, palate and pharynx.
- Feverish feeling.
Homoeopathy treats the person and not the disease. The totality of symptom forms the basis of selection of indicated medicine. Homoeopathy is the latest and refined method of treating the patients economically and non- violently. Homoeopathy has good scope and effective treatment for Rhinitis. Rhinitis often responds well to homoeopathic remedies which is a tremendous advantage over modern medicine which has no cure for the Rhinitis. Homoeopathy emphasizes treating the underlying imbalance in the immune system rather than simply fighting the infection although the moment, fighting the infection may be the priority. Homoeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homoeopathic treatment focuses on a patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition.
A sneeze, or sternutation, is a semi-autonomous, convulsive expulsion of air from the lungs through the nose and mouth, usually caused by foreign particles irritating the nasal mucosa. A sneeze expels air forcibly from the mouth and nose in an explosive, spasmodic involuntary action resulting chiefly from irritation of the nasal mucous membrane. Sneezing is possibly linked to sudden exposure to bright light, sudden change (fall) in temperature, breeze of cold air, a particularly full stomach, or viral infection, and can lead to the spread of disease.
The function of sneezing is to expel mucus containing foreign particles or irritants and cleanse the nasal cavity. During a sneeze, the soft palate and palatine uvula depress while the back of the tongue elevates to partially close the passage to the mouth so that air ejected from the lungs may be expelled through the nose. Because the closing of the mouth is partial, a considerable amount of this air is usually also expelled from the mouth. The force and extent of the expulsion of the air through the nose varies.
Part of your nose’s job is to clean the air you breathe, making sure it’s free of dirt and bacteria particles. In most cases, your nose traps this dirt and bacteria in mucus. Your stomach then digests the mucus, which neutralizes any potentially harmful invaders.
Sometimes, however, dirt and debris can enter your nose and irritate the sensitive mucous membranes inside your nose and throat. When these membranes become irritated, it causes you to sneeze.
Sneezing can be triggered by allergens, viruses like the common cold or flu, nasal irritants, inhalation of corticosteroids through a nasal spray, or drug withdrawal.
Allergies are an extremely common condition caused by your body’s response to foreign organisms. Under normal circumstances, your body’s immune system protects you from harmful invaders like disease-causing bacteria. If you have allergies, your body’s immune system identifies typically harmless organisms as threats. Allergies can cause you to sneeze when your body tries to expel these organisms.
Infections caused by viruses such as the common cold and flu can also make you sneeze. According the Mayo Clinic, there are more than 100 different viruses that can cause the common cold.
Less Common Causes
Other, less common causes of sneezing include:
- Trauma to the nose
- Withdrawal from certain drugs
- Inhaling irritants, including dust and pepper
- Breathing cold air
- Burning, itchy, or watery eyes,
- Nasal congestion or runny nose,
- Sore throat,
- Air Pollutants
- Cold Air
- Drug Withdrawal
- Exposure to Bright Light
- Spicy Foods
- Strong Emotions
- Viral Infection
Homeopathy is a wonderful method for treating sneezing. If the correct medicine is chosen, sneezing can resolve very rapidly. As with all homeopathic treatments, the goal is to identify the simillimum, the remedy that most closely matches the patient’s presenting symptoms and mental-emotional state. The power of homeopathy for treating sneezing is out of proportion to the expectation.
Skin Allergy Overview
Irritated skin can be caused by a variety of factors. These include immune system disorders, medications and infections. When an allergen is responsible for triggering an immune system response, then it is an allergic skin condition.
Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)
Eczema is the most common skin condition, especially in children. It affects one in five infants but only around one in fifty adults. It is now thought to be due to “leakiness” of the skin barrier, which causes it to dry out and become prone to irritation and inflammation by many environmental factors. Also, some people with eczema have a food sensitivity which can make eczema symptoms worse. In about half of patients with severe atopic dermatitis, the disease is due to inheritance of a faulty gene in their skin called filaggrin. Unlike with urticaria (hives), the itch of eczema is not caused by histamine so anti-histamines do not control the symptoms. Eczema is often linked with asthma, allergic rhinitis (hay fever) or food allergy. This order of progression is called the atopic march.
Allergic Contact Dermatitis
Allergic contact dermatitis occurs when your skin comes in direct contact with an allergen. For instance, if you have a nickel allergy and your skin comes in contact with jewelry made with even a very small amount of nickel, you may develop red, bumpy, scaly, itchy or swollen skin at the point of contact.
Coming in contact with poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac can also cause allergic contact dermatitis. The red, itchy rash is caused by an oily coating covering these plants. The allergic reaction can come from actually touching them, or by touching clothing, pets or even gardening tools that have come in contact with the oil.
Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD)
Although less common than ICD, ACD is accepted to be the most prevalent form of immunotoxicity found in humans. By its allergic nature, this form of contact dermatitis is a hypersensitive reaction that is atypical within the population. The mechanisms by which these reactions occur are complex, with many levels of fine control. Their immunology centres on the interaction of immunoregulatorycytokines and discrete subpopulations of T lymphocytes.
Hives are an inflammation of the skin triggered when the immune system releases histamine. This causes small blood vessels to leak, which leads to swelling in the skin. Swelling in deep layers of the skin is called angioedema. There are two kinds of urticaria, acute and chronic. Acute urticaria occurs after eating a particular food or coming in contact with a particular trigger. It can also be triggered by non-allergic causes such as heat or exercise, as well as medications, foods or insect bites. Chronic urticaria is rarely caused by specific triggers and so allergy tests are usually not helpful. Chronic urticaria can last for many months or years. Although they are often uncomfortable and sometimes painful, hives are not contagious.
Angioedema is swelling in the deep layers of the skin. It is often seen together with urticaria (hives). Angioedema many times occurs in soft tissues such as the eyelids, mouth or genitals. Angioedema is called "acute" if the condition lasts only a short time such as minutes to hours. Acute angioedema is commonly caused by an allergic reaction to medications or foods. Chronic recurrent angioedema is when the condition returns over a long period of time. It typically does not have an identifiable cause.
Hereditary angiodema (HAE) is a rare, but serious genetic condition involving swelling in various body parts including the hands, feet, face, intestinal wall and airways. It does not respond to treatment with antihistamines or adrenaline so it is important to go see a specialist
The homeopathic approach for skin problems is the constitutional approach where the patient answers a list of questions, based on which the analysis and evaluation of the case is done and a proper constitutional therapies is selected. As homeopathy believes we need to treat the man in disease and not the disease in man. As skin disorders are the end results of inner, emotional stress. Homeopathy also don’t believe in treating the skin disorders by local ointments and creams, rather it prefers the oral therapies which go deep into the system and controls.
1. Rhus Toxicodendron:
This is a useful remedy for treating Eczema. In Eczema, the skin is covered with numerous vesicular eruptions. The symptoms of eczema include itching, tingling, swelling, etc. The symptoms get worse at night, during winter and in damp weather. Cold air aggravates the problem. Warmth and moisturizing provides some temporary relief. It tends to get worse and become uriticaria and herpes, if not treated on time.
2. Natrum Muriaticum:
This remedy is also for eczema. It not only treats eczema but is also known to provide relief from mental disturbances caused due to grief and disappointment, being resentful, dwelling on past unhappy instances, fears of rejection, etc.
It is a remedy for a number of skin diseases. The symptoms which it treats are moist scruffy eruptions on the scalp, face, bends of joints, between fingers and behind the ears. It also treats cracked corners of the mouth and eyes, bleeding and release of a gluey, honey-like, thick, tenacious discharge, etc. It is also useful in treating symptoms, such as dry and itchy skin; brittle hair that tends to fall off and other such related symptoms.
Pulsatilla is predominantly a female remedy. This remedy treats rashes with profuse menses or scanty menses or rashes due to gastric or uterine problems. Diarrhea may also accompany these rashes. Nettle rash, which is worse at the beginning of winter, as well as itching when exposed to air, is also treated by this medicine. Acne can also be healed with Pulsatilla.
If you have that point towards herpes, Sepia is the medicine to take. This Homeopathic medicine treats symptoms of herpetic conditions around the bends of joints, knees and ankles, behind the ears. In the beginning, it is dry, and then it turns moist and releases discharge. Brownish spots on the skin, yellow spots, and liver spots are few of the other symptoms. It also treats eczema on hands, as well as dry, rough and chapped skin. It is also good in treating Psoriasis.
It is a useful remedy for many of the skin problems where the skin is thickened like in chronic uriticaria, psoriasis and chronic eczema. People suffering from these conditions experience swelling along with itching and burning sensations. It also cures nettle rash and pimples.
Sulphur is best known as the ‘skin remedy’! It has a particularly powerful centrifugal action, in that it brings symptoms to the surface. It treats the burning aggravation resulting from washing. Soreness and itching in the folds of the skin, its roughness and coarseness is also taken care of by Sulphur. Itching in the scalp, hair fall, deficient growth of nails are few other symptoms that sulphur can treat. It is also useful in Psoriasis and eczema. It also treats acne.
8. Nitricum Acidum:
It is one of the best remedies for treating ulcers with symptoms like profuse granulations, ragged and zigzag and often raised edges, vascular bleeding, blisters and ulcers in mouth, tongue, genitals that bleed easily. Fissures, pain during bowel movement, excessive physical irritability, etc. are the other symptoms nitric acid or Nitricum Acidum addresses.
Dust allergies also make it difficult to breathe and may trigger asthma symptoms, such as wheezing, coughing, tightness in the chest and shortness of breath. Dust also just makes some people itchy.
It sounds nasty, but it's true: one piece of dust can contain pet dander, pieces of dead cockroaches, and mold spores, along with dead skin and dust mites. Both cockroaches and pet dander are common allergy triggers, too. Cockroach waste, saliva, and body parts are a problem in some homes.
People with dust allergies often suffer the most inside their own homes or in other people’s homes. Oddly enough, their symptoms often worsen during or immediately after vacuuming, sweeping and dusting. The process of cleaning can stir up dust particles, making them easier to inhale.
Dust allergy symptoms
- Runny or itchy nose
- Postnasal drip
- Itchy skin
- Sinus pressure (may cause facial pain)
- Itchy, watery, or red eyes
- Scratchy throat
- Swollen, bluish-colored skin beneath the eyes
- Trouble sleeping
- Chest pain or tightness
- Difficulty breathing
- Wheezing, coughing, or shortness of breath
- Difficulty talking
- Severe asthma attack
Dust allergy triggers
- Dust mites
- Pet hair, fur or feather
The diagnosis made by most common type is a skin-prick test. During this test, the allergist will prick an area of your skin with a small extract of the allergen. Your allergist will then wait about 15 minutes to see if your skin has any negative reactions. If you do have a reaction, you will likely develop a large bump around the pricked area of skin. The area may also become red and itchy.
Homeopathic medicines help to treat the acute infection as well as the chronic and recurring infections. However, chronic and recurring Mastoiditis finds excellent treatment using homeopathy. Medicines are chosen based on some symptoms similarity, ie., constitutional approach, extent of pathology and investigational findings.allium cepa
When there is watery discharge from the eyes along with running nose. The watery discharge from the nose is thin and acrid. At the same time, the discharge from the eyes is bland. The eyes become red and are sensitive to light. There is burning in the nose and eyes as from the cutting of onions.
In cases where there is intense thirst and the patient feels worse in open air, there is copiuos watery and excoriating discharge from the nose. There may be restlessness and anxiety with the other symptoms of hay fever. Thirst is increased though the patient drinks a little bit of water at one time. The symptoms are likely to be worse at night. There is an increased sense of weakness which is often disproportionate to the disease.
In cases where there is a lot of sneezing and in fact, the symptoms start with sneezing only. There is intense dryness of the mouth and the mucous membranes. The discharge from the nose is thin and watery and resembles the white of an egg. There is an increased desire to eat salt or salty food.
When there is increased sensitivity to both heat and cold and the patient cannot tolerate either. There is a lot of sneezing and watery discharge from the nose. The patient is worse even in damp or wet weather. Increased sweating is another indication for this medicine. There is profuse salivation in the mouth. At times the salivation is so much that it keeps the mouth wet most of the time. Despite this increased salivation, the patient keeps on feeling thirsty. There may be foul smell from the mouth.
When the episode begins with intense itching in the palate and the nose,. There is a lot of burning and itching in the nose, the eyes and the roof of the mouth. Sense of smell becomes diminished.
Milk allergy, one of the most common food allergies in children, is an abnormal response by the body's immune system to milk and products containing milk. Cow's milk is the usual cause, but milk from sheep, goats, buffalo and other mammals also can cause a reaction. An allergic reaction usually occurs minutes to hours after consuming milk. Between 2 and 3 percent of children younger than 3 are allergic to milk.
Milk allergy is a food allergy, an adverse immune reaction to a food protein that is normally harmless to the non-allergic individual.
It is distinct from lactose intolerance, which is a non-allergic food sensitivity, and comes from a lack of production of the enzyme lactase, required to digest the predominant sugar in milk. Lactose intolerance is considered the normal state for most adults on a worldwide scale and is not typically considered to be a disease condition.
Milk Allergy Symptoms
Immediately after consuming milk, signs and symptoms of a milk allergy might include:
Signs and symptoms that may take more time to develop include:
- Loose stools, which may contain blood
- Abdominal cramps
- Coughing or wheezing
- Runny nose
- Watery eyes
- Itchy skin rash, often around the mouth
- Colic, in babies
- Constriction of airways, including a swollen throat that makes it difficult to breathe
- Facial flushing
- Shock, with a marked drop in blood pressure
Diagnosis is carried out by first doing a diagnostic elimination diet, skin prick tests, measuring IgE in blood, and conducting in-office food challenges. A double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge is still the gold standard for the diagnosis for all food allergies, including milk allergies.
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat milk allergy but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat milk allergy symptoms that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person.
There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of milk allergy symptoms:
If Aethusa is the remedy of choice then the sufferer is usually a child with a congenital absence of the enzyme lactase, a condition also known as Alactasia. These children can digest milk and other dairy products in any form and suffer from stomach aches or colic and vomiting every time they ingest milk and dairy products. Such children also lose weight due to their inability to digest milk. They are irritable, anxious and crying. Milk may also produce green colored diarrhea or loose stools that contains undigested particles and is preceded by drowsiness, stomach aches and exhaustion. In some cases Aethusa Cynapium patients may also suffer from constipation and indigestion due to milk.
If you are an Apis Mellifica patient then you will have allergy to milk and dairy products and the ingestion of milk or dairy acts as an allergen and leads to a severe anaphylactic reaction (allergic reaction) that presents with symptoms of urticaria or skin rash, swelling, redness and itching of the body and difficulty in breathing. With all these symptoms you will have a condition of thirstlessness.
Patient unable to digest milk or other dairy products, which when taken will produce symptoms of bloating, belching and flatulence. You will also suffer from abdominal colic due to gas that becomes relieved only by bending double or by vomiting of food. You may also develop problems in breathing with mucus formation, coughing episodes and rattling sound in chest. You may also feel the effect of bloating on your face as it turns red and your tongue is also thickly coated and dirty.
If your remedy for lactose intolerance is Magnesium Muriaticum, then you will not be able to digest milk and develop blisters on lips and tongue as a result. Your tongue will also feel burnt and scalded. You may also develop symptoms of headache and suffer from mental stress. Your symptoms of lactose intolerance are usually chronic.
Lac Vaccinum Defloratum:
Lac Vaccinum Defloratum is made by potentization of skimmed milk; hence it is suitable for treating the symptoms of lactose intolerance. If your remedy is Lac Vaccinum Defloratum, then after ingesting of milk and other dairy products you develop symptoms of nausea with headache, and vomiting. You may also suffer from obstinate constipation leading to passage of large stools that involves excessive straining. All these symptoms will ultimately make you feel extremely fatigued and tired.
These are diagnosed when the individual’s achievement in reading (reading disorder), mathematics (mathematics disorder) or written expression (disorder of written expression) is substantially below that expected for age, schooling and level of intelligence. The learning problems significantly interfere with academic achievement. Demoralisation, low self-esteem, deficits in social skills, higher school drop-out rates are associated with learning disorders. They can also interfere with higher level skills such as organization, time planning, abstract reasoning, long or short term memory and attention. It is important to realize that learning disabilities can affect an individual’s life beyond academics and can impact relationships with family, friends and in the workplace. There may also be associated with conduct disorders, ADHD, and communication disorders
Expressive language disorder
There is impairment in the ability to express oneself through language in the form of limited amount of speech and vocabulary and difficulty in acquiring new words, shortening of sentences and omission of critical parts of sentences. It may be acquired or developmental. It is most commonly associated with articulation problems.
Receptive language disorder
There is difficulty in understanding words and sentences. The difficulty is far below the age-appropriate level. The child appears to be deaf though he responds to non-language sounds. Overall prognosis is less favorable than that for expressive language disorder.
It is also called developmental articulation disorder. There is defective articulation which is disproportionate to the appropriate age levels. The most common speech sounds that are misarticulated are r, sh, th, f, z, l and ch which are normally acquired later in the developmental sequence. The child may omit (by for blue), substitute (wabbit for rabbit), or distort (lisping of words).
The essential feature is a disturbance in the normal fluency and tune patterning of speech that is inappropriate for the individual’s age.
Also known as Central Auditory Processing Disorder, this is a condition that adversely affects how sound that travels unimpeded through the ear is processed or interpreted by the brain. Individuals with APD do not recognize subtle differences between sounds in words, even when the sounds are loud and clear enough to be heard. They can also find it difficult to tell where sounds are coming from, to make sense of the order of sounds, or to block out competing background noises.
Has difficulty processing and remembering language-related tasks but may have no trouble interpreting or recalling non-verbal environmental sounds, music, etc.
May process thoughts and ideas slowly and have difficulty explaining them
Misspells and mispronounces similar-sounding words or omits syllables; confuses similar-sounding words (celery/salary; belt/built; three/free; jab/job; bash/batch)
May be confused by figurative language (metaphor, similes) or misunderstand puns and jokes; interprets words too literally
Often is distracted by background sounds/noises
Finds it difficult to stay focused on or remember a verbal presentation or lecture
May misinterpret or have difficulty remembering oral directions; difficulty following directions in a series.
Has difficulty comprehending complex sentence structure or rapid speech
“Ignores” people, especially if engrossed
Says “What?” a lot, even when has heard much of what was said
Learning disabilities in reading (dyslexia)
There are two types of learning disabilities in reading. Basic reading problems occur when there is difficulty understanding the relationship between sounds, letters and words. Reading comprehension problems occur when there is an inability to grasp the meaning of words, phrases, and paragraphs.
Signs of reading difficulty include problems with:
- letter and word recognition
- understanding words and ideas
- reading speed and fluency
- general vocabulary skills
- Reads slowly and painfully
- Experiences decoding errors, especially with the order of letters
- Shows wide disparity between listening comprehension and reading comprehension of some text
- Has trouble with spelling
- May have difficulty with handwriting
- Exhibits difficulty recalling known words
- Has difficulty with written language
- May experience difficulty with math computations
- Decoding real words is better than nonsense words
- Substitutes one small sight word for another: a, I, he, the, there, was
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism are both general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development. These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors.
Parents usually notice signs in the first two years of their child's life. These signs often develop gradually, though some children with autism reach their developmental milestones at a normal pace and then regress people with ASD often have these characteristics:
- Ongoing social problems that include difficulty communicating and interacting with others
- Repetitive behaviors as well as limited interests or activities
- Symptoms that typically are recognized in the first two years of life
- Symptoms that hurt the individual’s ability to function socially, at school or work, or other areas of life
- There is no known single cause for autism spectrum disorder, but it is generally accepted that it is caused by abnormalities in brain structure or function.
- Brain scans show differences in the shape and structure of the brain in children with autism compared to in neurotypical children.
- In the presence of a genetic predisposition to autism, a number of nongenetic, or “environmental,” stresses appear to further increase a child’s risk.
- The clearest evidence of these autism risk factors involves events before and during birth.
- They include advanced parental age at time of conception (both mom and dad),
- Maternal illness during pregnancy and certain difficulties during birth, particularly those involving periods of oxygen deprivation to the baby’s brain.
- It is important to keep in mind that these factors, by themselves, do not cause autism. Rather, in combination with genetic risk factors, they appear to modestly increase risk.
- Researchers do not know the exact cause of autism but are investigating a number of theories, including the links among heredity, genetics and medical problems.
- Other researchers are investigating the possibility that under certain conditions, a cluster of unstable genes may interfere with brain development, resulting in autism.
- Genetic : The condition occurs more in siblings of autistic children, and in twins. Chromosomal factors include the fragile X syndrome.
- Neurochemistry - serotonin and catecholamines are involved.
Signs and Symptoms
- Parents or doctors may first identify ASD behaviors in infants and toddlers. School staff may recognize these behaviors in older children.
- Not all people with ASD will show all of these behaviors, but most will show several.
- There are two main types of behaviors: “restricted / repetitive behaviors” and “social communication / interaction behaviors.”
- Repeating certain behaviors or having unusual behaviors
- Having overly focused interests, such as with moving objects or parts of objects
- Having a lasting, intense interest in certain topics, such as numbers, details, or facts.
- Social communication OR interaction behaviors may include:
- Getting upset by a slight change in a routine or being placed in a new or overly stimulating setting
- Making little or inconsistent eye contact
- Rarely sharing enjoyment of objects or activities by pointing or showing things to others
- Responding in an unusual way when others show anger, distress, or affection
- Failing to, or being slow to, respond to someone calling their name or other verbal attempts to gain attention
- Often talking at length about a favorite subject without noticing that others are not interested or without giving others a chance to respond
- Repeating words or phrases that they hear, a behavior called echolalia
- Having facial expressions, movements, and gestures that do not match what is being said
- Having an unusual tone of voice that may sound sing-song or flat and robot-like
- Having trouble understanding another person’s point of view or being unable to predict or understand other people’s actions.
- People with ASD may have other difficulties, such as being very sensitive to light, noise, clothing, or temperature. They may also experience sleep problems, digestion problems, and irritability.
ASD is unique in that it is common for people with ASD to have many strengths and abilities in addition to challenges.
- Strengths and abilities may include:
- Having above-average intelligence – ASD children have above average intelligence
- Being able to learn things in detail and remember information for long periods of time
- Being strong visual and auditory learners
- Exceling in math, science, music, or art.
Social Skills – signs and symptoms
- Very little or no eye contact.
- Resistance to being held or touched.
- Tends to get too close when speaking to someone (lack of personal space).
- Responds to social interactions, but does not initiate them.
- Does not generally share observations or experiences with others.
- Difficulty understanding jokes, figures of speech or sarcasm.
- Difficulty reading facial expressions and body language.
- Difficulty understanding the rules of conversation.
- Difficulty understanding group interactions.
- Seems unable to understand another’s feelings.
- Prefers to be alone, aloft.
- Unaware of/disinterested in what is going on around them.
- Talks excessively about one or two topics.
- Minimal acknowledgement of others.
Language Development – signs and symptoms
- Abnormal use of pitch, intonation, rhythm or stress while speaking.
- Speech is abnormally loud or quiet.
- Difficulty whispering.
- Repeats last words or phrases several times. Makes verbal sounds while listening (echolalia).
- Often uses short, incomplete sentences.
- Speech started very early and then stopped for a period of time.
- Difficulty understanding directional terms (front, back, before, after).
Behaviour – signs and symptoms
- Obsessions with objects, ideas or desires.
- Ritualistic or compulsive behaviour patterns (sniffing, licking, watching objects fall, flapping arms, spinning, rocking, humming, tapping, sucking, rubbing clothes).
- Fascination with rotation.
- Play is often repetitive.
- Unusual attachment to objects.
- Perfectionism in certain areas.
- Inability to perceive potentially dangerous situations.
Emotions – signs and symptoms
- Sensitivity or lack of sensitivity to sounds, textures (touch), tastes, smells or light.
- Difficulty with loud or sudden sounds.
- Resists change in the environment (people, places, objects).
- Calmed by external stimulation – soothing sound, brushing, rotating object, constant pressure.
Learning Development – signs and symptoms
- Exceptionally high skills in some areas and very low in others.
- Excellent rote memory in some areas.
- Difficulty with reading comprehension (can quote an answer, but unable to predict, summarize or find symbolism).
- Difficulty with fine motor activities (colouring, printing, scissors, gluing).
- Short attention span for most lessons.
- Resistance or inability to follow directions.
- Difficulty transitioning from one activity to another in school.
Locomotor Skills – signs and symptoms
- Walks on toes.
- Unusual gait.
- Difficulty changing from one floor surface to another (carpet to wood, sidewalk to grass).
- Difficulty moving through a space (bumps into objects or people).
- Gross motor skills are developmentally behind peers (riding a bike, skating, running).
- Fine motor skills are developmentally behind peers (hand writing, tying shoes, scissors).
When should you get your child evaluated for Autism or ASD?
- If your child has any of these delays or behaviour, consult your paediatrician asap:
- No babbling by 9 months
- No pointing or gestures by 12 months
- Not responding to their name by 12 months of age
- No single words by 16 months
- Lack of pretend play by 18 months
- No two-word phrases by 24 months
- Any loss of language or social skills at any age
- Your infant or child resists cuddling and doesn’t respond to his or her environment or to other people
- Your child bangs his or her head or demonstrates self-injurious behaviour or aggression on a regular basis
- Your child demonstrates unusually repetitive behaviour, such as repeatedly opening and closing doors or turning a toy car upside down and repeatedly spinning its wheels
At first glance, some people with autism may appear to have an intellectual disability, sensory processing issues, or problems with hearing or vision. To complicate matters further, these conditions can co-occur with autism. However, it is important to distinguish autism from other conditions, as an accurate and early autism diagnosis can provide the basis for an appropriate educational and treatment program.
Homeopathy is a safe and gentle system of healing, that works with your body to relieve symptoms, restore itself, and improve your overall health. which tries to identify the root cause of any problem by taking a detail case history, which includes the current complaints of the patient, his/he past medical history, family history, nature and disposition of the patient and many other finer factors.
Full case history of your child. This will include your child’s current medical complaints, their onset, modalities, past medical history, mother’s history during pregnancy, family history, exploration of any stress points or causes for current illness, and a detail assessment of your child’s mental and emotional makeup. After this exhaustive case history and analysis, the homeopath identifies a homeopathic medicine that covers your child’s symptoms and condition the best. Such a remedy, when well selected, can bring significant changes in many difficult and inveterate cases.
Attachment is the deep connection established between a child and caregiver that profoundly affects your child's development and ability to express emotions and develop relationships. Attachment disorder is a broad term intended to describe disorders of mood, behavior, and social relationships arising from a failure to form normal attachments to primary care giving figures in early childhood. Emotional and behavioral problems of young children, and also applied to school-age children, teenagers and adults. Attachment disorder can affect every aspect of a child's life and development. There are two types : inhibited and disinhibited.
Inhibited attachment disorder
Detached Unresponsive or resistant to comforting Excessively inhibited (holding back emotions) Withdrawn or a mixture of approach and avoidance
Disinhibited attachment disorder
Indiscriminate sociability Inappropriately familiar or selective in the choice of attachment figures
Lack of eye contact, Cries inconsolably, Doesn’t smile Doesn’t reach out to be picked up Rejects your efforts to calm, soothe, and connect Indiscriminately affectionate with strangers Not affectionate on parents’ terms, Destructive to self, others and material things Cruelty to animals, Stealing, hyperactive, Learning Lags, Lack of cause-and-effect thinking, Lack of conscience Poor peer relationships, Persistent nonsense questions & chatter, Abnormal speech patterns,
Unwanted pregnancy Abuse (physical, emotional, sexual) Neglect (not answering the baby’s cries for help) Separation from primary caregiver, On-going pain such as colic, hernia or many ear infections, Changing day cares or using providers who don’t do bonding Mother with chronic depression Several moves or placements, Caring for baby on a timed schedule or other self-centered parenting
Homeopathy will help in early physical and emotional nourishment of a child and make the young child feel content, happy and secure. The homeopathic understanding of health is intimately connected to its understanding of the mind in general. Homeopaths don't separate the mind and body in the usual way; they generally assume that body and mind are dynamically interconnected and that both directly influence each other. Homoeopathic remedies will help the child to be overcome these emotional disturbances.
- This disorder is characterised by a persistent pattern of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity.
- Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a brain disorder marked by an ongoing pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development.
- Inattention means a person wanders off task, lacks persistence, has difficulty sustaining focus, and is disorganized; and these problems are not due to defiance or lack of comprehension.
- Hyperactivity means a person seems to move about constantly, including situations in which it is not appropriate when it is not appropriate,
- Impulsivity means a person makes hasty actions that occur in the moment without first thinking about them and that may have high potential for harm
- An impulsive person may be socially intrusive and excessively interrupt others or make important decisions without considering the long-term consequences.
- Associated features : These children typically show low frustration tolerance, temper outbursts, bossiness, low self esteem, demoralisation. They often have strife-ridden relationships with family members. ADHD has also been found to be associated with mood disorders, learning and communication disorders.
- In most individuals, symptoms attenuate during late adolescence and adulthood. In a minority, they may continue into adulthood.
- The condition is seen in 3-5% of school-age children. It is more common in boys
Causes of ADHD
- Premature delivery
- Low birth weight
- Environmental factors - social disadvantage, large family size, overcrowding, etc.
- Dopamine deficiency
- Dysregulation of attention
- Food additives
- Brain changes. Areas of the brain that control attention are less active in children with ADHD.
- Poor nutrition, infections, smoking, drinking, and substance abuse during pregnancy. These things can affect a baby’s braindevelopment.
- Toxins, such as lead. They may affect a child's brain development.
- A brain injury or a brain disorder. Damage to the front of the brain, called the frontal lobe, can cause problems with controlling impulses and emotions.
ADHD predominantly inattentive presentation
- Fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes
- Has difficulty sustaining attention
- Does not appear to listen
- Struggles to follow through with instructions
- Has difficulty with organization
- Avoids or dislikes tasks requiring sustained mental effort
- Loses things
- Is easily distracted
- Is forgetful in daily activities
ADHD predominantly hyperactive-impulsive presentation
- Fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in chair
- Has difficulty remaining seated
- Runs about or climbs excessively in children; extreme restlessness in adults
- Difficulty engaging in activities quietly
- Acts as if driven by a motor; adults will often feel inside as if they are driven by a motor
- Talks excessively
- Blurts out answers before questions have been completed
- Difficulty waiting or taking turns Interrupts or intrudes upon others
ADHD combined presentation
- The individual meets the criteria for both inattention and hyperactive-impulsive ADHD presentations.
- These symptoms can change over time, so children may fit different presentations as they get older.
- Special education helps a child learn at school. Having structure and a routine can help children with ADHD.
- Behavior modification teaches ways to replace bad behaviors with good ones.
- Psychotherapy (counseling) can help someone with ADHD learn better ways to handle their emotions and frustration. It can also help improve their self-esteem. Counseling may also help family members better understand the child or adult with ADHD.
- Social skills training can teach behaviors, such as taking turns and sharing.
Homeopathy seeks to treat each child as an individual. Each child is assessed as the unique person they are. The remedy must reflect everything about the child. A detailed history is fundamental to the correct choice of remedy. The homeopath will ask about the health of the child and the family, the pregnancy and delivery, early development, vaccinations, life events, schooling, favourite foods, drinks to mention just a few points. The more information gathered, the easier it is to find that tailor-made remedy. Using homeopathy, the adverse effects of vaccines can be overcome, whilst retaining the protection from the infectious disease. Homeopathy considers every factor, from the genetic component to specific possible causes. The aim of treatment is to stimulate healing at the deepest level, and to allow a gentle return to health Homeopathy considers every factor, from the genetic component to specific possible causes. The aim of treatment is to stimulate healing at the deepest level, and to allow a gentle return to health.
Conduct disorder is defined as persistent antisocial behaviour of children and adolescents that significantly impairs their ability to function in the social, academic or occupational area. Youngsters with the disorder repeatedly violate the age-appropriate rules of society, displaying a lack of concern for the rights and feelings of others.
There is evidence for two clusters of symptoms in conduct disorder, aggressiveness and delinquency. Aggression may be directed towards people (e.g. peers) or animals (cruelty towards animals) or objects (destruction of property). Delinquencies, on the other hand, includes antisocial behaviours, such as lying, stealing, running away and truancy that do not primarily involve physical attack on others. The onset of these symptoms may be preceded by the presence of a difficult temperament and high level of physical aggression in preschool years.
Aggressive behavior: These are behaviors that threaten or cause physical harm and may include fighting, bullying, being cruel to others or animals, using weapons, and forcing another into sexual activity.
Destructive behavior: This involves intentional destruction of property such as arson (deliberate fire-setting) and vandalism (harming another person's property).
Deceitful behavior: This may include repeated lying, shoplifting, or breaking into homes or cars in order to steal.
Violation of rules: This involves going against accepted rules of society or engaging in behavior that is not appropriate for the person's age. These behaviors may include running away, skipping school, playing pranks.
Many children with conduct disorder are irritable, have low self-esteem, and tend to throw frequent temper tantrums. Some may abuse drugs and alcohol. Children with conduct disorder often are unable to appreciate how their behavior can hurt others and generally have little guilt or remorse about hurting others.
Causes Conduct Disorder?
Biological: Some studies suggest that defects or injuries to certain areas of the brain can lead to behavior disorders
Environmental: Factors such as a dysfunctional family life, childhood abuse, traumatic experiences, a family history of substance abuse, and inconsistent discipline by parents may contribute to the development of conduct disorder.
Psychological: Some experts believe that conduct disorders can reflect problems with moral awareness (notably, lack of guilt and remorse) and deficits in cognitive processing.
Social: Low socioeconomic status and not being accepted by their peers appear to be risk factors for the development of conduct disorder
Many different nonpharmacological treatments have been used in the management of conduct disorder. These include individual therapy based on alliance building and behavioural principles. Family therapy designed to improve communication among family members and to elicit underlying conflicts is somewhat effective. Correctional schools can address the educational needs of juvenile delinquents.
homoeopathic medicines have the power of controlling these behaviours which otherwise remains a serious concern for the parents. Full case history of your child. This will include your child’s current medical complaints, their onset, modalities, past medical history, mother’s history during pregnancy, family history, exploration of any stress points or causes for current illness, and a detail assessment of your child’s mental and emotional makeup. After this exhaustive case history and analysis, the homeopath identifies a homeopathic medicine that covers your child’s symptoms and condition the best. Such a remedy, when well selected, can bring significant changes in many difficult and inveterate cases.
depression has a component replete with feelings of hopelessness and helplessness about future, an individual can become depressed only after achieving the ability to string together hypothetical thoughts about future.
Major depression can be a long-lasting and disabling condition that affects most aspects of a person's life. It has distinct emotional, mental, and physical symptoms, like feeling sad, hopeless or guilty for more than two weeks, or having problems sleeping or eating.
Depressive symptoms vary according to the age and developmental level. Spitz described the anaclitic depression of infancy. Separation from a primary caregiver after 6 to 7 months of age leads to a sequence of behaviours. The first phase of this sequence is labeled as protest (crying, searching, hypermotility of arms and legs, etc). This is followed by the infants close strutiny of each approaching adult, looking for the caregiver. The final phase involves apathy in which infant becomes apathetic and hypotonic, exhibiting and obviously sad facial expression. Depressed school aged children present with sad facial expressions, easy tears, irritability, social withdrawal, vegetative symptoms, anxiety and behavioural disturbances. Delusions are uncommon in depressed prepubertal children.
What causes mood problems?
Symptoms of depression in children and adolescents can be related to a number of things. It can be triggered by a sad or painful event like a death in the family.
It can develop in children who observe constant fighting between their parents.
It can also result from the child experiencing parental neglect or abuse.
They happen because chemicals in the brain that help regulate mood are not working properly.
Sometimes, when children are under stress early in life, their bodies change in a way that can make them react badly to stress for the rest of their life. As a result, they develop problems with depression and/or anxiety that can be lifelong.
Treatment of depression in children and adolescents can consist of either behavioural therapy or drug therapy.
The first line of treatment is cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT).
Criteria for access depression
Depressed most of the day, nearly every day, as indicated by either subjective report
Markedly diminished interest or pleasure in all, or almost all, activities most of the day, nearly every day.
Significant weight loss when not dieting or weight gain or decrease or increase in
appetite nearly every day. Note: In children, consider failure to make expected weight gains.
Insomnia or hypersomnia nearly every day.
Psychomotor agitation or retardation nearly every day (observable by others, not merely subjective feelings of restlessness or being slowed down).
Fatigue or loss of energy nearly every day.
Feelings of worthlessness or inappropriate guilt (which may be delusional) nearly every day (not merely self-reproach or guilt about being sick).
Diminished ability to think or concentrate, or indecisiveness, nearly every day (either by subjective account or as observed by others).
Recurrent thoughts of death (not just fear of dying), recurrent suicidal
ideation without a specific plan, or a suicide attempt or a specific plan for committing suicide.
Homeopathy offers very good treatment possibilities for depression with good results. There are large number of medicines which can be used and the selection of medicine depends not just on the symptoms but also on the cause. Homeopathy offers very good treatment possibilities for depression with good results. There are large number of medicines which can be used and the selection of medicine depends not just on the symptoms but also on the cause.
Anxiety disorders are characterized by pathologic anxiety in which anxiety becomes disabling, interfering with social interactions, development, and achievement of goals or quality of life, and can lead to low self-esteem, social withdrawal, and academic underachievement
Separation anxiety disorder ( SAD ),
childhood-onset social phobia or social anxiety disorder,
generalized anxiety disorder( GAD ),
obsessive-compulsive disorder ( OCD ),
posttraumatic stress disorder ( PTSD ),
Anxiety disorders - CRITERIA FOR DIAGNOSIS
Excessive anxiety and worry (apprehensive expectation), occurring more days than not for ≥ 6 month, about numerous events or activities
The person finds it difficult to control the worry
Restlessness or feeling keyed up or on edge
Being easily fatigued
Difficulty concentrating or mind going blank
Sleep disturbance (difficulty falling or staying asleep or restless, unsatisfying sleep)
Bipolar illness is defined as either alternating depression and mania or as mania alone. characterized by extreme and intense swing in one’s behavior and moods like changes of mood from excessive joy or hilarity (manic) to extreme or deepest sadness or despondency (depression)
Manic episodes are characterized by excessive activity, euphoria and elation of mood, increased attempts to socialize with peers, excessive speech which is full of boastful or grandiose content, excessive spending and sexually inappropriate behaviour like masturbating in front of others.
The illness typically presents in the second and the third decade of life. However, there are descriptions of cases beginning before puberty.
symptoms of bipolar disorder
Children and teens having a manic episode may:
- Feel very happy or act silly in a way that’s unusual for them and for other people their age
- Have a very short temper
- Talk really fast about a lot of different things
- Have trouble sleeping but not feel tired
- Have trouble staying focused
- Talk and think about sex more often
- Do risky things
Children and teens having a depressive episode may:
- Feel very sad
- Complain about pain a lot, such as stomachaches and headaches
- Sleep too little or too much
- Feel guilty and worthless
- Eat too little or too much
- Have little energy and no interest in fun activities
- Think about death or suicide
Homeopathic Treatment of Pediatric Bipolar Disorder
Children respond to homeopathic treatment exceptionally well--indeed in an almost inspirational kind of way. Bipolar Disorder tends to respond well to homeopathic treatment. In the field of homeopathy, straightforwardness of the case taking process translates into better prescriptions and better outcomes. Specific medicines are chosen based on an individual's particular or unique experience of a disease process. Good results are intimately tied to accurate prescriptions based on discovering these particulars. Homeopathy has a very effective cure for Bipolar Disorder and Homeopathic medicines, made from natural substances with zero side effects, are of great help in the treatment of this psychiatric mood disorder.
Epilepsy is a state of recurrent and usually unprovoked seizures. An epileptic seizure is a clinical manifestation of abnormal and excessive discharges of a set of neurones in the brain. Seizures with a psychogenic basis were called hysterical or pseudoseizures. Now they come under the category non epileptic seizures. A convulsion is a seizure with tonic or clonic motor activity.
Causes of epilepsy depending on age at onset of first seizures
|1.Newborn and infancy||Birth trauma
Developmental abnormalities (e.g. microcephaly, porencephaly)
Metabolic abnormalities (e.g. hypocalcaemia, phenylketonuria)
Infection (meningitis, congenital syphilis)
|2. Childhood||Birth trauma
Infection (meningitis, parasitic infestations)
Toxins (heavy metals like lead; carbon monoxide poisoning)
Congenital abnormalities (hydrocephalus)
|3. Adolescence (10-20 years)||Idiopathic
Degenerative (Ramsay-Hunt syndrome)
|4. Young adults (20-35 years)||Head injury
|5. Older adults (36-65 years)||Head injury
Degenerative (Alzheimer's disease
Symptoms of epilepsy
A convulsion with no temperature or fever.
Short spells of blackout, or confused memory.
Intermittent fainting spells, during which bowel or bladder control is lost. This is frequently followed by extreme tiredness.
For a short period the person is unresponsive to instructions or questions.
The person becomes stiff, suddenly, for no obvious reason
The person suddenly falls for no clear reason
Sudden bouts of chewing, without any apparent reason
Repetitive movements that seem inappropriate
The person becomes fearful for no apparent reason, he/she may even panic or become angry
Peculiar changes in senses, such as smell, touch and sound
The arms, legs, or body jerk, in babies these will appear as cluster of rapid jerking movements.
Electroencephalogram (EEG) – it shows the abnormalities in the electric activities of the brain
Computerized tomography - It helps to make an aetiological diagnosis in several cases.
Magnetic resonance (MR) - may detect lesions that are missed by CT or provide more details about them.
Care of patient during seizures
Move patient to place of safety (away from fire, water, machinery).
Do not try to forcibly introduce a gag or tightly rolled handkerchief once convulsions have started.
Do not use metallic or plastic objects.
Do not hold the patient down during seizures.
After seizure is over, keep the patient in semiprone position. Ensure patent airway and proper oxygenation.
With continued convulsions, hospitalise the patient.
Don't drink alcohol, use illegal drugs, or smoke.
Protect your head with a helmet during any sport or activity that could result in a head injury.
Get plenty of sleep every night.
Find healthy ways to cope with stress.
Epilepsy can be effectively cured with the Homeopathic mode of treatment. The natural Homeopathic treatment for epilepsy is very beneficial for the treatment of acute fits as well as in eliminating the tendency to have seizures.
The adenoids are a mass of soft tissue behind the nasal cavity. Like lymph nodes, adenoids are part of the immune system and are made of the same type of tissue
Infections can cause the adenoids to become swollen. The adenoids may stay enlarged even when you are not sick.
Symptoms of Enlarged Adenoids
difficulty breathing through the nose - breathing through the mouth
talking as if the nostrils are pinched
noisy breathing, snoring
stopped breathing for a few seconds during sleep (obstructive sleep apnea)
frequent "sinus" symptoms
ongoing middle ear infections or middle ear fluid in a school-aged child
cracked lips and dry mouth (from breathing problems)
ENLARGED adenoid are a major cause of upper airway obstruction in children. Airway obstruction in children is typically manifested in sleep-disordered breathing, including obstructive sleep apnea, obstructive sleep hypopnea, and upper airway resistance syndrome
Adenoiditis can be caused by a bacterial infection, such as infection with the bacteria Streptococcus. It can also be caused by a number of viruses, including Epstein-Barr virus, adenovirus, and rhinovirus
Symptoms of adenoiditis can vary depending on what is causing the infection.
stuffy nose, swollen glands in the neck
ear pain and other ear problems.
Complications of Adenoiditis?
Sinus Problems (Sinusitis)
Infections of the Chest
The swelling and the enlargement of the adenoids can be removed or should one say, cured completely with Homoeopathy. Homoeopathic medicines cure infections completely and the size of the adenoids comes down to its normal self. Homeopathic medicines not only cure the infection but also help in improving the immunity of the child. This helps the child in fighting all sorts of infections and allows the child to grow properly